Changeset 890 for branches


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Nov 13, 2009, 5:04:29 PM (13 years ago)
Author:
gerson bicca
Message:

added more folders

Location:
branches/new_gui/eml
Files:
36 added
5 edited

Legend:

Unmodified
Added
Removed
  • branches/new_gui/eml/stage_separators/column.mso

    r889 r890  
    974974end
    975975
    976 
    977 # Models to be revised
    978 #*
    979 Model ColumnBasic
    980 
    981 ATTRIBUTES
    982         Pallete = false;
    983         Brief   = "Model of a basic column.";
    984         Info    =
    985 "Model of a basic column containing a vetor of TRAYS numbered from the top-down.";
    986 
    987 PARAMETERS
    988         outer PP                as Plugin       (Brief="External Physical Properties", Type="PP");
    989         outer NComp     as Integer      (Brief="Number of components");
    990 
    991         NumberOfFeeds                                           as Integer                      (Brief="Number of Feed Trays",Default=3,Protected=true);
    992         FeedTrayLocation(NumberOfFeeds)         as Integer                      (Brief="Feed tray Location",Default=2);
    993         NumberOfTrays                                           as Integer                      (Brief="Number of trays", Default=8);
    994         LiqSideTrayIndex(NumberOfTrays)         as Integer                      (Brief="Liquid Side Tray Index", Default=0,Hidden=true);
    995         VapSideTrayIndex(NumberOfTrays)         as Integer                      (Brief="Vapour Side Tray Index", Default=0,Hidden=true);
    996         LiquidSideStreamLocation                        as Integer                      (Brief="Liquid Side Stream Location", Default=2);
    997         VapourSideStreamLocation                        as Integer                      (Brief="Vapour Side Stream Location", Default=2);
    998         g                                                                       as acceleration         (Brief="Gravity Acceleration",Default=9.81,Hidden=true);
    999         Mw(NComp)                                                       as molweight            (Brief="Component Mol Weight",Hidden=true);
    1000 
    1001         VapourFlowModel         as Switcher     (Valid = ["Reepmeyer", "Feehery_Fv", "Roffel_Fv", "Klingberg", "Wang_Fv", "Elgue"], Default = "Reepmeyer");
    1002         LiquidFlowModel         as Switcher     (Valid = ["default", "Wang_Fl", "Olsen", "Feehery_Fl", "Roffel_Fl"], Default = "default");
    1003 
    1004         TrayDiameter                    as length               (Brief="Tray Diameter",Default=1.600);
    1005         TraySpacing                             as length               (Brief="Tray Spacing",Default=0.600);
    1006         Fraction_HoleArea               as fraction     (Brief="Fraction of the active area that is occupied by the holes with respect to the total tray area",Default=0.10);
    1007         Fraction_DowncomerArea  as fraction     (Brief="Fraction of the downcomer area with respect to the total tray area",Default=0.20);
    1008         WeirLength                              as length               (Brief="Weir length", Default = 1);
    1009         WeirHeight                              as length               (Brief="Weir height", Default= 0.05);
    1010         TrayLiquidPasses                as positive     (Brief="Number of liquid passes in the tray", Lower = 1,Default=1);
    1011         HeatSupply                              as heat_rate    (Brief="Rate of heat supply",Default = 0);
    1012         AerationFraction                as Real                 (Brief="Aeration fraction", Default = 1);
    1013         DryPdropCoeff                   as Real                 (Brief="Dry pressure drop coefficient", Default= 0.60);
    1014        
    1015         PlateArea               as area         (Brief="Plate area = Atray - Adowncomer",Protected=true);
    1016         TrayVolume              as volume       (Brief="Total Volume of the tray",Protected=true);
    1017         HolesArea               as area         (Brief="Total holes area",Protected=true);
    1018        
    1019         FeeheryCoeff            as Real                 (Brief="Feeherys correlation coefficient", Unit='1/m^4', Default=1,Hidden=true);
    1020         ElgueCoeff                      as Real                 (Brief="Elgues correlation coefficient", Unit='kg/m/mol^2', Default=1,Hidden=true);
    1021         OlsenCoeff                      as Real                 (Brief="Olsens correlation coefficient", Default=1,Hidden=true);
    1022        
    1023         Pi                      as constant             (Brief="Pi Number",Default=3.14159265, Symbol = "\pi",Hidden=true);
    1024         zero_flow       as flow_mol             (Brief = "Stream Flow closed",Default = 0, Hidden=true);
    1025         low_flow        as flow_mol             (Brief = "Low stream Flow",Default = 1E-6, Hidden=true);
    1026         VapourFlow      as Switcher     (Valid = ["on", "off"], Default = "on",Hidden=true);
    1027         LiquidFlow      as Switcher     (Valid = ["on", "off"], Default = "on",Hidden=true);
    1028 
    1029 SET
    1030         VapSideTrayIndex(VapourSideStreamLocation) =1;
    1031         LiqSideTrayIndex(LiquidSideStreamLocation) =1;
    1032         Mw = PP.MolecularWeight();
    1033         zero_flow = 0 * 'kmol/h';
    1034         low_flow = 1E-6 * 'kmol/h';
    1035 
    1036         PlateArea = 0.25*Pi*(TrayDiameter^2)*(1-Fraction_DowncomerArea);
    1037         TrayVolume = 0.25*Pi*(TrayDiameter^2)*TraySpacing;
    1038         HolesArea = 0.25*Pi*(TrayDiameter^2)*Fraction_HoleArea;
    1039 
    1040 VARIABLES
    1041 
    1042         INITIALIZATION as InitializeSection (Brief = "Column Model Initialization");
    1043         CONTROL                 as ControlSection (Brief = "Control");
    1044        
    1045         out     TCI as control_signal   (Brief="Temperature  Indicator", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.55);
    1046         out     PCI as control_signal   (Brief="Pressure Indicator", Protected = true, PosX=0, PosY=0.23);
    1047        
    1048         TRAYS(NumberOfTrays)    as tray                 (Brief="Number of trays in the Column Section");
    1049         VapourDrawOffFlow               as flow_mol     (Brief="Vapour Draw Off Stream Molar Flow Rate");
    1050         LiquidDrawOffFlow               as flow_mol     (Brief="Vapour Draw Off Stream Molar Flow Rate");
    1051         MurphreeEff                     as Real                 (Brief="Murphree efficiency for All Trays",Lower=0.01,Upper=1);
    1052 
    1053         out     VapourDrawOff   as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.388,Protected = true);
    1054         out     LiquidDrawOff   as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.47,Protected = true);
    1055 
    1056 CONNECTIONS
    1057 
    1058 #Connecting Intermediate Trays
    1059         TRAYS([2:NumberOfTrays]).OutletVapour   to TRAYS([1:NumberOfTrays-1]).InletVapour;
    1060         TRAYS([1:NumberOfTrays-1]).OutletLiquid         to TRAYS([2:NumberOfTrays]).InletLiquid;
    1061        
    1062 INITIAL
    1063 
    1064 for i in 1:NumberOfTrays do
    1065 
    1066 "The initial temperature of the TRAYS"
    1067         TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.T = INITIALIZATION.TopTemperature+(INITIALIZATION.BottomTemperature-INITIALIZATION.TopTemperature)*((i-1)/(NumberOfTrays-1));
    1068 
    1069 "The initial Level of the TRAYS"
    1070         TRAYS(i).Level = INITIALIZATION.LevelFraction*WeirHeight;
    1071 end
    1072 
    1073 for i in 1:NComp-1 do
    1074 
    1075 for j in 1:NumberOfTrays do
    1076 
    1077 "The initial composition of the TRAYS - Normalized"
    1078         TRAYS(j).OutletLiquid.z(i) = INITIALIZATION.TopComposition(i)/sum(INITIALIZATION.TopComposition) +(INITIALIZATION.BottomComposition(i)/sum(INITIALIZATION.BottomComposition)-INITIALIZATION.TopComposition(i)/sum(INITIALIZATION.TopComposition) )*((j-1)/(NumberOfTrays-1));
    1079 end
    1080 
    1081 end
    1082 
    1083 EQUATIONS
    1084 
    1085         VapourDrawOff.F*VapSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.VapourSideStream.F;
    1086         VapourDrawOff.T = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.T;
    1087         VapourDrawOff.P = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.P;
    1088         VapourDrawOff.z = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.z;
    1089 
    1090         LiquidDrawOff.F*LiqSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.LiquidSideStream.F;
    1091         LiquidDrawOff.T = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.T;
    1092         LiquidDrawOff.P = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.P;
    1093         LiquidDrawOff.z = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.z;
    1094 
    1095         VapourDrawOffFlow = VapourDrawOff.F;
    1096         LiquidDrawOffFlow = LiquidDrawOff.F;
    1097        
    1098 "Tray Temperature Indicator"   
    1099         #TCI*'K' = TRAYS(min([NumberOfTrays, CONTROL.Tindicator_TrayNumber])).OutletVapour.T;
    1100         TCI*'K' = TRAYS(CONTROL.Tindicator_TrayNumber).OutletVapour.T;
    1101 
    1102 "Tray Pressure Indicator"       
    1103         #PCI*'atm' = TRAYS(min([NumberOfTrays, CONTROL.Pindicator_TrayNumber])).OutletVapour.P;
    1104         PCI*'atm' = TRAYS(CONTROL.Pindicator_TrayNumber).OutletVapour.P;
    1105 
    1106 for i in [1:NumberOfTrays] do
    1107 
    1108 "Murphree Efficiency"
    1109         TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.z =  MurphreeEff * (TRAYS(i).yideal - TRAYS(i).InletVapour.z) + TRAYS(i).InletVapour.z;
    1110 
    1111 "Level of clear liquid over the weir"
    1112         TRAYS(i).Level = TRAYS(i).ML*TRAYS(i).vL/PlateArea;
    1113 
    1114 "Geometry Constraint"
    1115         TrayVolume = TRAYS(i).ML* TRAYS(i).vL + TRAYS(i).MV*TRAYS(i).vV;
    1116 
    1117 "Energy Holdup"
    1118         TRAYS(i).E = TRAYS(i).ML*TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.h + TRAYS(i).MV*TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.h - TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.P*TrayVolume;
    1119 
    1120 "Energy Balance"
    1121         diff(TRAYS(i).E) = ( TRAYS(i).Inlet.F*TRAYS(i).Inlet.h + TRAYS(i).InletLiquid.F*TRAYS(i).InletLiquid.h + TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F*TRAYS(i).InletVapour.h- TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F*TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.h - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.F*TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.h
    1122         -TRAYS(i).VapourSideStream.F*TRAYS(i).VapourSideStream.h - TRAYS(i).LiquidSideStream.F*TRAYS(i).LiquidSideStream.h + HeatSupply );
    1123 
    1124 switch LiquidFlow
    1125                 case "on":
    1126                         switch LiquidFlowModel
    1127                                 case "default":
    1128                                 "Francis Equation"
    1129                                 TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F*TRAYS(i).vL = 1.84*'1/s'*WeirLength*((TRAYS(i).Level-(AerationFraction*WeirHeight))/(AerationFraction))^2;
    1130                        
    1131                                 case "Wang_Fl":
    1132                                 TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F*TRAYS(i).vL = 1.84*'m^0.5/s'*WeirLength*((TRAYS(i).Level-(AerationFraction*WeirHeight))/(AerationFraction))^1.5;
    1133                        
    1134                                 case "Olsen":
    1135                                 TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F / 'mol/s'= WeirLength*TrayLiquidPasses*TRAYS(i).rhoL/sum(Mw*TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.z)/(0.665*OlsenCoeff)^1.5 * ((TRAYS(i).ML*sum(Mw*TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.z)/TRAYS(i).rhoL/PlateArea)-WeirHeight)^1.5 * 'm^0.5/mol';
    1136                        
    1137                                 case "Feehery_Fl":
    1138                                 TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F = WeirLength*TRAYS(i).rhoL/sum(Mw*TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.z) * ((TRAYS(i).Level-WeirHeight)/750/'mm')^1.5 * 'm^2/s';
    1139                        
    1140                                 case "Roffel_Fl":
    1141                                 TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F = 2/3*TRAYS(i).rhoL/sum(Mw*TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.z)*WeirLength*(TRAYS(i).ML*sum(Mw*TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.z)/(PlateArea*1.3)/TRAYS(i).rhoL)^1.5*sqrt(2*g/
    1142                                                         (2*(1 - 0.3593/'Pa^0.0888545'*abs(TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.F*sum(Mw*TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.z)/(PlateArea*1.3)/sqrt(TRAYS(i).rhoV))^0.177709)-1)); #/'(kg/m)^0.0888545/s^0.177709';
    1143                         end
    1144                 when TRAYS(i).Level < (AerationFraction *WeirHeight) switchto "off";
    1145                
    1146                 case "off":
    1147                 "Low level"
    1148                 TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F = 0 * 'mol/h';
    1149                 when TRAYS(i).Level > (AerationFraction * WeirHeight) switchto "on";
    1150         end
    1151        
    1152 switch VapourFlow
    1153                 case "on":
    1154                         switch VapourFlowModel
    1155                                 case "Reepmeyer":
    1156                                 TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F*TRAYS(i).vV = sqrt((TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P)/(TRAYS(i).rhoV*DryPdropCoeff))*HolesArea;
    1157                        
    1158                                 case "Feehery_Fv":
    1159                                 TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F = TRAYS(i).rhoV/PlateArea/FeeheryCoeff/sum(Mw*TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.z) * sqrt(((TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P)-(TRAYS(i).rhoV*g*TRAYS(i).ML*TRAYS(i).vL/PlateArea))/TRAYS(i).rhoV);
    1160                        
    1161                                 case "Roffel_Fv":
    1162                                 TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F^1.08 * 0.0013 * 'kg/m/mol^1.08/s^0.92*1e5' = (TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P)*1e5 - (AerationFraction*sum(TRAYS(i).M*Mw)/(PlateArea*1.3)*g*1e5) * (TRAYS(i).rhoV*HolesArea/sum(Mw*TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.z))^1.08 * 'm^1.08/mol^1.08';
    1163                        
    1164                                 case "Klingberg":
    1165                                 TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F * TRAYS(i).vV = PlateArea * sqrt(((TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P)-TRAYS(i).rhoL*g*TRAYS(i).Level)/TRAYS(i).rhoV);
    1166                        
    1167                                 case "Wang_Fv":
    1168                                 TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F * TRAYS(i).vV = PlateArea * sqrt(((TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P)-TRAYS(i).rhoL*g*TRAYS(i).Level)/TRAYS(i).rhoV*DryPdropCoeff);
    1169                                
    1170                                 case "Elgue":
    1171                                 TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F  = sqrt((TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P)/ElgueCoeff);
    1172                         end
    1173                 when TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F < 1e-6 * 'kmol/h' switchto "off";
    1174                
    1175                 case "off":
    1176                 TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F = 0 * 'mol/s';
    1177                 when TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P > TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P switchto "on";
    1178         end
    1179 
    1180 end
    1181 
    1182 end
    1183 
    1184 Model Distillation_kettle_cond                          as ColumnBasic
    1185 
    1186 ATTRIBUTES
    1187         Pallete         = true;
    1188         Icon            = "icon/DistillationKettleCond";
    1189         Brief           = "Model of a distillation column with dynamic condenser and dynamic reboiler.";
    1190         Info            =
    1191 "== Specify ==
    1192 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    1193 * the Murphree eficiency for each tray Emv;
    1194 * the pump pressure difference;
    1195 * the heat supllied in reboiler and condenser;
    1196 * the condenser vapor outlet flow (OutletVapour.F);
    1197 * the reboiler liquid outlet flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    1198 * both splitter outlet flows OR one of the splitter outlet flows and the splitter frac.
    1199        
    1200 == Initial Conditions ==
    1201 * the TRAYS temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1202 * the TRAYS liquid level (Level) OR the TRAYS liquid flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    1203 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each tray;
    1204        
    1205 * the condenser temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1206 * the condenser liquid level (Level);
    1207 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions;
    1208        
    1209 * the reboiler temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1210 * the reboiler liquid level (Level);
    1211 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions.
    1212 ";
    1213 
    1214 SET
    1215         NumberOfFeeds = 1;
    1216        
    1217 VARIABLES
    1218 
    1219         CONDENSER               as condenser;
    1220         REBOILER                as reboiler;
    1221         SPLITTER                as splitter_column (Brief="splitter which separate reflux and distillate",Protected=true);
    1222         PUMP                    as pump;
    1223         RefluxRatio             as positive             (Brief="Reflux Ratio",Default=10, Lower = 0.5);
    1224        
    1225         out     TI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Reboiler ",Protected = true, PosX=0.515, PosY=1);
    1226         out     LI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Level Indicator of Reboiler", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.935);
    1227         out     PI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Reboiler", Protected = true, PosX=0.41, PosY=1);
    1228        
    1229         out     TI_cond         as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Condenser ", Protected = true, PosX=0.52, PosY=0);
    1230         out     LI_cond         as control_signal       (Brief="Level Indicator of Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.084);
    1231         out     PI_cond         as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=0.42, PosY=0);
    1232        
    1233         in      FeedTray        as stream               (Brief="Feed stream", PosX=0, PosY=0.55);
    1234 
    1235 
    1236 
    1237         in      HeatToReboiler  as power (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler",Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.855);
    1238         in      HeatToCondenser as power (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.01);
    1239 
    1240 
    1241         ConnectorHeatReboiler   as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    1242         ConnectorHeatCondenser  as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser", Hidden=true);
    1243        
    1244         in      ConnectorCondenserVout  as stream       (Brief="Connector for Vapour outlet stream From Condenser", Hidden=true);
    1245         in      ConnectorReboilerLout   as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    1246         in      ConnectorSplitterOut    as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", Hidden=true);
    1247 
    1248         out     VapourDistillate        as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour outlet stream From Condenser", PosX=0.615, PosY=0);
    1249         out     LiquidDistillate        as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", PosX=1, PosY=0.235);
    1250         out     BottomProduct           as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", PosX=0.62, PosY=1);
    1251 
    1252 EQUATIONS
    1253 
    1254         SPLITTER.RefluxRatio = RefluxRatio;
    1255 
    1256         TI_reb  = REBOILER.TI ;
    1257         LI_reb  = REBOILER.LI;
    1258         PI_reb  = REBOILER.PI;
    1259        
    1260         TI_cond = CONDENSER.TI;
    1261         LI_cond = CONDENSER.LI;
    1262         PI_cond = CONDENSER.PI;
    1263        
    1264 for i in 1:NumberOfTrays do
    1265 
    1266 if i equal FeedTrayLocation(1) then   
    1267 
    1268 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Flow"       
    1269         FeedTray.F= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1270 
    1271 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Temperature"
    1272         FeedTray.T = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1273 
    1274 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Pressure"
    1275         FeedTray.P = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1276 
    1277 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Composition"
    1278         FeedTray.z = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1279 
    1280 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Vapour Fraction"
    1281         FeedTray.v = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1282 
    1283 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Enthalpy"
    1284         FeedTray.h = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1285 
    1286 else
    1287 
    1288 "Inlet Tray - Flow Sealed"
    1289     0*'mol/h'= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1290        
    1291 "Inlet Tray -  Temperature"
    1292     300*'K' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1293        
    1294 "Inlet Tray -  Pressure"
    1295     1*'atm' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1296        
    1297 "Inlet Tray -  Composition"
    1298     0.1 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1299        
    1300 "Inlet Tray -  Vapour Fraction"
    1301     0 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1302        
    1303 "Inlet Tray -  Enthalpy"
    1304     0*'J/mol' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1305 
    1306 end
    1307 
    1308 end
    1309 
    1310 # Condenser Connector Equations
    1311         ConnectorCondenserVout.T = VapourDistillate.T;
    1312         ConnectorCondenserVout.P = VapourDistillate.P;
    1313         ConnectorCondenserVout.F = VapourDistillate.F;
    1314         ConnectorCondenserVout.z = VapourDistillate.z;
    1315 
    1316 # Splitter Connector Equations
    1317         ConnectorSplitterOut.T = LiquidDistillate.T;
    1318         ConnectorSplitterOut.P = LiquidDistillate.P;
    1319         ConnectorSplitterOut.F = LiquidDistillate.F;
    1320         ConnectorSplitterOut.z = LiquidDistillate.z;
    1321 
    1322 # Reboiler Connector Equations
    1323         ConnectorReboilerLout.T = BottomProduct.T;
    1324         ConnectorReboilerLout.P = BottomProduct.P;
    1325         ConnectorReboilerLout.F = BottomProduct.F;
    1326         ConnectorReboilerLout.z = BottomProduct.z;
    1327 
    1328         HeatToReboiler  = ConnectorHeatReboiler;
    1329         HeatToCondenser = ConnectorHeatCondenser;
    1330 
    1331 CONNECTIONS
    1332 #vapor
    1333         REBOILER.OutletVapour   to      TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).InletVapour;
    1334         TRAYS(1).OutletVapour   to      CONDENSER.InletVapour;
    1335 
    1336 #liquid
    1337         CONDENSER.OutletLiquid                          to      SPLITTER.Inlet;
    1338         SPLITTER.Reflux                                         to      PUMP.Inlet;
    1339         PUMP.Outlet                                             to      TRAYS(1).InletLiquid;
    1340         TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid       to      REBOILER.InletLiquid;
    1341 
    1342 #Connectors
    1343         CONDENSER.OutletVapour  to ConnectorCondenserVout;
    1344         SPLITTER.Distillate             to ConnectorSplitterOut;
    1345         REBOILER.OutletLiquid   to ConnectorReboilerLout;
    1346 
    1347         ConnectorHeatReboiler   to REBOILER.InletQ;
    1348         ConnectorHeatCondenser  to CONDENSER.InletQ;
    1349 
    1350 end
    1351 
    1352 Model Distillation_thermosyphon_subcooling      as ColumnBasic
    1353         ATTRIBUTES
    1354         Pallete         = true;
    1355         Icon            = "icon/DistillationThermosyphonSubcooling";
    1356         Brief           = "Model of a distillation column with steady condenser and steady reboiler.";
    1357         Info            =
    1358 "== Specify ==
    1359 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    1360 * the Murphree eficiency for each tray Emv;
    1361 * the pump head;
    1362 * the condenser pressure drop;
    1363 * the heat supllied in top and bottom tanks;
    1364 * the heat supllied in condenser and reboiler;
    1365 * the Outlet1 flow in the bottom splitter (spbottom.Outlet1.F) that corresponds to the bottom product;
    1366 * both  top splitter outlet flows OR one of the splitter outlet flows and the splitter frac.
    1367        
    1368 == Initial Conditions ==
    1369 * the TRAYS temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1370 * the TRAYS liquid level (Level) OR the TRAYS liquid flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    1371 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each tray;
    1372        
    1373 * the top tank temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1374 * the top tank liquid level (Level);
    1375 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions;
    1376        
    1377 * the bottom tank temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1378 * the bottom tank liquid level (Level);
    1379 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions.
    1380 ";
    1381 
    1382 SET
    1383 
    1384         NumberOfFeeds = 1;
    1385 
    1386 VARIABLES
    1387         CONDENSER                       as condenserSteady      (Brief="steady state condenser with subcooling");
    1388         REFLUX_DRUM             as TankL                        (Brief="Reflux Drum");
    1389         SPLITTER_TOP            as splitter_column      (Brief="splitter which separate reflux and distillate",Protected=true);
    1390         PUMP                            as pump                         (Brief="pump in reflux stream");
    1391         REBOILER                        as reboilerSteady       (Brief="steady state reboiler (thermosyphon)");
    1392         SUMP                            as SumpTank                     (Brief="vessel in the bottom of column");
    1393         SPLITTER_BOTTOM         as splitter2            (Brief="splitter to separate the bottom product and the stream to reboiler");
    1394        
    1395         in      FeedTray        as stream               (Brief="Feed stream", PosX=0, PosY=0.55);
    1396 
    1397         RefluxRatio             as positive             (Brief="Reflux Ratio",Default=10, Lower = 0.5);
    1398 
    1399 in              Q_cond          as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser",PosX=1, PosY=0, Protected=true);
    1400 in              Q_reb           as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler", PosX=1, PosY=0.96,Protected=true);
    1401 in              Q_drum  as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Reflux Drum", PosX=1, PosY=0.30,Protected=true);
    1402 
    1403         out     TI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Reboiler ",Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.92);
    1404         out     PI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Reboiler", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.875);
    1405        
    1406         out     TI_cond         as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Condenser ", Protected = true, PosX=0.52, PosY=0);
    1407         out     PI_cond         as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=0.42, PosY=0);
    1408        
    1409         out     TI_drum as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Reflux Drum ", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.20);
    1410         out     PI_drum as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Reflux Drum", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.155);
    1411         out     LI_drum as control_signal       (Brief="Level Indicator of Reflux Drum", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.24);
    1412        
    1413         out     LI_sump as control_signal       (Brief="Level Indicator of Column Sump", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.765);
    1414         out     TI_sump as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Column Sump ",Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.71);
    1415        
    1416         out     LiquidDistillate        as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", PosX=1, PosY=0.33);
    1417         out     BottomProduct           as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Bottom Splitter", PosX=0.06, PosY=1);
    1418 
    1419         in      ConnectorSplitterBottom         as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    1420         in      ConnectorSplitterTop            as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", Hidden=true);
    1421 
    1422         ConnectorHeatReboiler           as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    1423         ConnectorHeatCondenser          as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Condenser", Hidden=true);
    1424         ConnectorHeatRefluxDrum         as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Reflux Drum", Hidden=true);
    1425 
    1426 EQUATIONS
    1427 
    1428         SPLITTER_TOP.RefluxRatio = RefluxRatio;
    1429         TI_reb  = REBOILER.TI ;
    1430         PI_reb  = REBOILER.PI;
    1431        
    1432         TI_cond = CONDENSER.TI;
    1433         PI_cond = CONDENSER.PI;
    1434        
    1435         TI_drum = REFLUX_DRUM.TI;
    1436         PI_drum = REFLUX_DRUM.PI;
    1437         LI_drum = REFLUX_DRUM.LI;
    1438        
    1439         TI_sump = SUMP.TI;
    1440         LI_sump = SUMP.LI;
    1441        
    1442 for i in 1:NumberOfTrays do
    1443 
    1444 if i equal FeedTrayLocation(1) then   
    1445 
    1446 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Flow"       
    1447         FeedTray.F= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1448 
    1449 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Temperature"
    1450         FeedTray.T = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1451 
    1452 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Pressure"
    1453         FeedTray.P = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1454 
    1455 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Composition"
    1456         FeedTray.z = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1457 
    1458 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Vapour Fraction"
    1459         FeedTray.v = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1460 
    1461 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Enthalpy"
    1462         FeedTray.h = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1463 
    1464 else
    1465 
    1466 "Inlet Tray - Flow Sealed"
    1467     0*'mol/h'= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1468        
    1469 "Inlet Tray -  Temperature"
    1470     300*'K' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1471        
    1472 "Inlet Tray -  Pressure"
    1473     1*'atm' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1474        
    1475 "Inlet Tray -  Composition"
    1476     0.1 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1477        
    1478 "Inlet Tray -  Vapour Fraction"
    1479     0 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1480        
    1481 "Inlet Tray -  Enthalpy"
    1482     0*'J/mol' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1483 
    1484 end
    1485 
    1486 end
    1487 
    1488 # Heat Connector Equations
    1489         Q_cond  =       ConnectorHeatCondenser;
    1490         Q_reb   =       ConnectorHeatReboiler;
    1491         Q_drum  =       ConnectorHeatRefluxDrum;
    1492 
    1493 # Top Splitter Connector Equations
    1494         ConnectorSplitterTop.T = LiquidDistillate.T;
    1495         ConnectorSplitterTop.P = LiquidDistillate.P;
    1496         ConnectorSplitterTop.F = LiquidDistillate.F;
    1497         ConnectorSplitterTop.z = LiquidDistillate.z;
    1498 
    1499 # Bottom Splitter Connector Equations
    1500         ConnectorSplitterBottom.T = BottomProduct.T;
    1501         ConnectorSplitterBottom.P = BottomProduct.P;
    1502         ConnectorSplitterBottom.F = BottomProduct.F;
    1503         ConnectorSplitterBottom.z = BottomProduct.z;
    1504        
    1505 CONNECTIONS
    1506 #vapor
    1507         REBOILER.OutletVapour   to SUMP.InletVapour;
    1508         SUMP.OutletVapour               to TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).InletVapour;
    1509         TRAYS(1).OutletVapour   to CONDENSER.InletVapour;
    1510 
    1511 #liquid
    1512         CONDENSER.OutletLiquid                          to REFLUX_DRUM.Inlet;   
    1513         REFLUX_DRUM.OutletLiquid                        to SPLITTER_TOP.Inlet;
    1514         SPLITTER_TOP.Reflux                     to PUMP.Inlet; 
    1515         PUMP.Outlet                                     to TRAYS(1).InletLiquid;
    1516         TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid       to SUMP.InletLiquid;
    1517         SUMP.OutletLiquid               to SPLITTER_BOTTOM.Inlet;
    1518         SPLITTER_BOTTOM.Outlet2                 to REBOILER.InletLiquid;
    1519 
    1520 #Connectors
    1521         ConnectorHeatCondenser                  to CONDENSER.InletQ;
    1522         ConnectorHeatReboiler                   to REBOILER.InletQ;
    1523         ConnectorHeatRefluxDrum                 to REFLUX_DRUM.InletQ;
    1524         SPLITTER_TOP.Distillate                 to ConnectorSplitterTop;
    1525         SPLITTER_BOTTOM.Outlet1                 to ConnectorSplitterBottom;
    1526 
    1527 end
    1528 
    1529 Model Distillation_thermosyphon_cond            as ColumnBasic
    1530         ATTRIBUTES
    1531         Pallete         = true;
    1532         Icon            = "icon/DistillationThermosyphonCond";
    1533         Brief           = "Model of a distillation column with dynamic condenser and steady reboiler.";
    1534         Info            =
    1535 "== Specify ==
    1536 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    1537 * the Murphree eficiency for each tray Emv;
    1538 * the pump head;
    1539 * the condenser vapor outlet flow (OutletVapour.F);
    1540 * the heat supllied in bottom tank;
    1541 * the heat supllied in condenser and reboiler;
    1542 * the Outlet1 flow in the bottom splitter (spbottom.Outlet1.F) that corresponds to the bottom product;
    1543        
    1544 == Initial Conditions ==
    1545 * the TRAYS temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1546 * the TRAYS liquid level (Level) OR the TRAYS liquid flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    1547 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each tray;
    1548        
    1549 * the condenser temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1550 * the condenser liquid level (Level);
    1551 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions;
    1552        
    1553 * the bottom tank temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1554 * the bottom tank liquid level (Level);
    1555 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions.
    1556 ";
    1557 
    1558 SET
    1559 
    1560         NumberOfFeeds = 1;
    1561 
    1562 VARIABLES
    1563         CONDENSER                       as condenser            (Brief="dynamic condenser without subcooling");
    1564         SPLITTER_TOP            as splitter_column      (Brief="splitter which separate reflux and distillate",Protected=true);
    1565         PUMP                            as pump                         (Brief="pump in reflux stream");
    1566         SUMP                            as SumpTank                     (Brief="vessel in the bottom of column");
    1567         SPLITTER_BOTTOM         as splitter2            (Brief="splitter who separate the bottom product and the stream to reboiler");
    1568         REBOILER                        as reboilerSteady       (Brief="steady state reboiler (thermosyphon)");
    1569         RefluxRatio                     as positive             (Brief="Reflux Ratio",Default=10, Lower = 0.5);
    1570        
    1571         in      FeedTray        as stream       (Brief="Feed stream", PosX=0, PosY=0.55);
    1572 
    1573 in              Q_cond  as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser",PosX=1, PosY=0, Protected=true);
    1574 in              Q_reb   as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler", PosX=1, PosY=0.96,Protected=true);
    1575 
    1576         out     TI_cond as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Condenser ", Protected = true, PosX=0.48, PosY=0);
    1577         out     LI_cond as control_signal       (Brief="Level Indicator of Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.084);
    1578         out     PI_cond as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=0.40, PosY=0);
    1579        
    1580         out     TI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Reboiler ",Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.92);
    1581         out     PI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Reboiler", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.878);
    1582        
    1583         out     LI_sump as control_signal       (Brief="Level Indicator of Column Sump", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.76);
    1584         out     TI_sump as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Column Sump ",Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.71);
    1585        
    1586 out     VapourDistillate as vapour_stream       (Brief="Vapour outlet stream From Top Condenser", PosX=0.62, PosY=0);
    1587 out     LiquidDistillate as liquid_stream       (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", PosX=1, PosY=0.185);
    1588 out     BottomProduct    as liquid_stream       (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Bottom Splitter", PosX=0.06, PosY=1);
    1589 
    1590 in      ConnectorSplitterBottom as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    1591 in      ConnectorSplitterTop    as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", Hidden=true);
    1592 in      ConnectorCondenserVout  as stream       (Brief="Connector for Vapour outlet stream From Top Condenser", Hidden=true);
    1593 
    1594         ConnectorHeatReboiler   as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    1595         ConnectorHeatCondenser  as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Condenser", Hidden=true);
    1596 
    1597 EQUATIONS
    1598 
    1599 for i in 1:NumberOfTrays do
    1600 
    1601 if i equal FeedTrayLocation(1) then   
    1602 
    1603 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Flow"       
    1604         FeedTray.F= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1605 
    1606 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Temperature"
    1607         FeedTray.T = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1608 
    1609 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Pressure"
    1610         FeedTray.P = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1611 
    1612 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Composition"
    1613         FeedTray.z = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1614 
    1615 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Vapour Fraction"
    1616         FeedTray.v = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1617 
    1618 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Enthalpy"
    1619         FeedTray.h = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1620 
    1621 else
    1622 
    1623 "Inlet Tray - Flow Sealed"
    1624     0*'mol/h'= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1625        
    1626 "Inlet Tray -  Temperature"
    1627     300*'K' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1628        
    1629 "Inlet Tray -  Pressure"
    1630     1*'atm' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1631        
    1632 "Inlet Tray -  Composition"
    1633     0.1 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1634        
    1635 "Inlet Tray -  Vapour Fraction"
    1636     0 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1637        
    1638 "Inlet Tray -  Enthalpy"
    1639     0*'J/mol' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1640 
    1641 end
    1642 
    1643 end
    1644 
    1645         SPLITTER_TOP.RefluxRatio = RefluxRatio;
    1646 
    1647         TI_reb  = REBOILER.TI ;
    1648         PI_reb  = REBOILER.PI;
    1649        
    1650         TI_cond = CONDENSER.TI;
    1651         PI_cond = CONDENSER.PI;
    1652         LI_cond = CONDENSER.LI;
    1653        
    1654         TI_sump = SUMP.TI;
    1655         LI_sump = SUMP.LI;
    1656        
    1657 # Heat Connector Equations
    1658         Q_cond  =       ConnectorHeatCondenser;
    1659         Q_reb   =       ConnectorHeatReboiler;
    1660 
    1661 # Condenser Connector Equations
    1662         ConnectorCondenserVout.T = VapourDistillate.T;
    1663         ConnectorCondenserVout.P = VapourDistillate.P;
    1664         ConnectorCondenserVout.F = VapourDistillate.F;
    1665         ConnectorCondenserVout.z = VapourDistillate.z;
    1666 
    1667 # Top Splitter Connector Equations
    1668         ConnectorSplitterTop.T = LiquidDistillate.T;
    1669         ConnectorSplitterTop.P = LiquidDistillate.P;
    1670         ConnectorSplitterTop.F = LiquidDistillate.F;
    1671         ConnectorSplitterTop.z = LiquidDistillate.z;
    1672 
    1673 # Bottom Splitter Connector Equations
    1674         ConnectorSplitterBottom.T = BottomProduct.T;
    1675         ConnectorSplitterBottom.P = BottomProduct.P;
    1676         ConnectorSplitterBottom.F = BottomProduct.F;
    1677         ConnectorSplitterBottom.z = BottomProduct.z;
    1678 
    1679 CONNECTIONS
    1680 #vapor
    1681         SUMP.OutletVapour               to TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).InletVapour;
    1682         REBOILER.OutletVapour   to SUMP.InletVapour;
    1683         TRAYS(1).OutletVapour   to CONDENSER.InletVapour;
    1684 
    1685 #liquid
    1686         CONDENSER.OutletLiquid          to SPLITTER_TOP.Inlet; 
    1687         SPLITTER_TOP.Reflux                             to PUMP.Inlet;
    1688         PUMP.Outlet                                     to TRAYS(1).InletLiquid;
    1689         TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid       to SUMP.InletLiquid;
    1690         SUMP.OutletLiquid                               to SPLITTER_BOTTOM.Inlet;
    1691         SPLITTER_BOTTOM.Outlet2                         to REBOILER.InletLiquid;
    1692 
    1693 #Connectors
    1694 ConnectorHeatCondenser                  to CONDENSER.InletQ;
    1695 ConnectorHeatReboiler                   to REBOILER.InletQ;
    1696 CONDENSER.OutletVapour                  to ConnectorCondenserVout;
    1697 SPLITTER_TOP.Distillate                 to ConnectorSplitterTop;
    1698 SPLITTER_BOTTOM.Outlet1                 to ConnectorSplitterBottom;
    1699 
    1700 end
    1701 
    1702 Model Distillation_kettle_subcooling            as ColumnBasic
    1703 
    1704 ATTRIBUTES
    1705         Pallete         = true;
    1706         Icon            = "icon/DistillationKettleSubcooling";
    1707         Brief   = "Model of a distillation column with steady condenser and dynamic reboiler.";
    1708         Info            =
    1709 "== Specify ==
    1710 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    1711 * the Murphree eficiency for each tray (Emv);
    1712 * the pump pressure difference;
    1713 * the heat supllied in reboiler and condenser;
    1714 * the heat supllied in the top tank;
    1715 * the condenser pressure drop;
    1716 * the reboiler liquid outlet flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    1717 * both splitter outlet flows OR one of the splitter outlet flows and the splitter frac.
    1718        
    1719 == Initial Conditions ==
    1720 * the TRAYS temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1721 * the TRAYS liquid level (Level) OR the TRAYS liquid flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    1722 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each tray;
    1723        
    1724 * the top tank temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1725 * the top tank liquid level (Level);
    1726 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions;
    1727        
    1728 * the reboiler temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1729 * the reboiler liquid level (Level);
    1730 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions.
    1731 ";
    1732 
    1733 SET
    1734 
    1735         NumberOfFeeds = 1;
    1736 
    1737 VARIABLES
    1738         CONDENSER               as condenserSteady      (Brief="steady state condenser with subcooling");
    1739         REFLUX_DRUM             as TankL                        (Brief="reflux drum");
    1740         SPLITTER                as splitter_column              (Brief="splitter to separate reflux and distillate",Protected=true);
    1741         PUMP                    as pump                         (Brief="pump in reflux stream");
    1742         REBOILER                as reboiler                     (Brief="kettle reboiler");
    1743 
    1744         RefluxRatio                     as positive             (Brief="Reflux Ratio",Default=10, Lower = 0.5);
    1745 
    1746         in      Q_cond  as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser", PosX=1, PosY=0.065, Protected=true);
    1747         in      Q_reb   as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler", PosX=1, PosY=0.905, Protected=true);
    1748         in      Q_drum  as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Top Vessel", PosX=1, PosY=0.30, Protected=true);
    1749 
    1750         in      FeedTray        as stream               (Brief="Feed stream", PosX=0, PosY=0.55);
    1751 
    1752         out     TI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Reboiler ",Protected = true, PosX=0.515, PosY=1);
    1753         out     LI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Level Indicator of Reboiler", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.935);
    1754         out     PI_reb  as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Reboiler", Protected = true, PosX=0.41, PosY=1);
    1755        
    1756         out     TI_cond as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Condenser ", Protected = true, PosX=0.52, PosY=0);
    1757         out     PI_cond as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=0.42, PosY=0);
    1758        
    1759         out     TI_drum as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Reflux Drum ", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.20);
    1760         out     PI_drum as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Reflux Drum", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.155);
    1761         out     LI_drum as control_signal       (Brief="Level Indicator of Reflux Drum", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.24);
    1762        
    1763        
    1764 in      ConnectorSplitterOut            as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", Hidden=true);
    1765 in      ConnectorReboilerLout           as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    1766         ConnectorHeatReboiler           as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    1767         ConnectorHeatCondenser          as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Condenser", Hidden=true);
    1768         ConnectorHeatAccumulator        as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to TopVessel", Hidden=true);
    1769 
    1770 out     LiquidDistillate as liquid_stream       (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", PosX=1, PosY=0.33);
    1771 out     BottomProduct    as liquid_stream       (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", PosX=0.67, PosY=1);
    1772 
    1773 EQUATIONS
    1774 
    1775         SPLITTER.RefluxRatio = RefluxRatio;
    1776 
    1777         TI_reb  = REBOILER.TI ;
    1778         PI_reb  = REBOILER.PI;
    1779         LI_reb  = REBOILER.LI;
    1780        
    1781         TI_cond = CONDENSER.TI;
    1782         PI_cond = CONDENSER.PI;
    1783        
    1784         TI_drum = REFLUX_DRUM.TI;
    1785         PI_drum = REFLUX_DRUM.PI;
    1786         LI_drum = REFLUX_DRUM.LI;
    1787        
    1788 for i in 1:NumberOfTrays do
    1789 
    1790 if i equal FeedTrayLocation(1) then   
    1791 
    1792 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Flow"       
    1793         FeedTray.F= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1794 
    1795 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Temperature"
    1796         FeedTray.T = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1797 
    1798 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Pressure"
    1799         FeedTray.P = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1800 
    1801 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Composition"
    1802         FeedTray.z = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1803 
    1804 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Vapour Fraction"
    1805         FeedTray.v = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1806 
    1807 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Enthalpy"
    1808         FeedTray.h = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1809 
    1810 else
    1811 
    1812 "Inlet Tray - Flow Sealed"
    1813     0*'mol/h'= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1814        
    1815 "Inlet Tray -  Temperature"
    1816     300*'K' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1817        
    1818 "Inlet Tray -  Pressure"
    1819     1*'atm' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1820        
    1821 "Inlet Tray -  Composition"
    1822     0.1 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1823        
    1824 "Inlet Tray -  Vapour Fraction"
    1825     0 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1826        
    1827 "Inlet Tray -  Enthalpy"
    1828     0*'J/mol' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1829 
    1830 end
    1831 
    1832 end
    1833 
    1834 #Heat Connectors
    1835         Q_cond  = ConnectorHeatCondenser;
    1836         Q_reb   = ConnectorHeatReboiler;
    1837         Q_drum  = ConnectorHeatAccumulator;
    1838 
    1839 # Splitter Connector Equations
    1840         ConnectorSplitterOut.T = LiquidDistillate.T;
    1841         ConnectorSplitterOut.P = LiquidDistillate.P;
    1842         ConnectorSplitterOut.F = LiquidDistillate.F;
    1843         ConnectorSplitterOut.z = LiquidDistillate.z;
    1844 
    1845 # Reboiler Connector Equations
    1846         ConnectorReboilerLout.T = BottomProduct.T;
    1847         ConnectorReboilerLout.P = BottomProduct.P;
    1848         ConnectorReboilerLout.F = BottomProduct.F;
    1849         ConnectorReboilerLout.z = BottomProduct.z;
    1850 
    1851 CONNECTIONS
    1852 #vapor
    1853         REBOILER.OutletVapour to TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).InletVapour;
    1854         TRAYS(1).OutletVapour to CONDENSER.InletVapour;
    1855 
    1856 #liquid
    1857         CONDENSER.OutletLiquid                          to REFLUX_DRUM.Inlet;   
    1858         REFLUX_DRUM.OutletLiquid                        to SPLITTER.Inlet;
    1859         SPLITTER.Reflux                                         to PUMP.Inlet; 
    1860         PUMP.Outlet                                             to TRAYS(1).InletLiquid;
    1861         TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid       to REBOILER.InletLiquid;
    1862 
    1863 #Connectors
    1864         ConnectorHeatCondenser          to CONDENSER.InletQ;
    1865         ConnectorHeatReboiler           to REBOILER.InletQ;
    1866         ConnectorHeatAccumulator        to REFLUX_DRUM.InletQ;
    1867 
    1868         SPLITTER.Distillate             to ConnectorSplitterOut;
    1869         REBOILER.OutletLiquid   to ConnectorReboilerLout;
    1870 
    1871 end
    1872 
    1873 Model Rectifier                                                         as ColumnBasic
    1874 
    1875 ATTRIBUTES
    1876         Pallete         = true;
    1877         Icon            = "icon/RefluxedCond";
    1878         Brief           = "Model of a rectifier column with dynamic condenser.";
    1879         Info            =
    1880 "== Specify ==
    1881 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    1882 * the Murphree eficiency for each tray Emv;
    1883 * the InletVapour stream of the bottom tray unless its flow;
    1884 * the pump pressure difference;
    1885 * the heat supllied in the condenser;
    1886 * the condenser vapor outlet flow (OutletVapour.F);
    1887 * both splitter outlet flows OR one of the splitter outlet flows and the splitter frac.
    1888        
    1889 == Initial Conditions ==
    1890 * the TRAYS temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1891 * the TRAYS liquid level (Level) OR the TRAYS liquid flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    1892 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each tray;
    1893        
    1894 * the condenser temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    1895 * the condenser liquid level (Level);
    1896 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions;
    1897 ";
    1898 
    1899 SET
    1900         NumberOfFeeds = 1;
    1901 
    1902 VARIABLES
    1903         CONDENSER       as condenser    (Brief="dymamic condenser without subcooling");
    1904         SPLITTER        as splitter2    (Brief="splitter which separate reflux and distillate");
    1905         PUMP            as pump                 (Brief="pump in reflux stream");
    1906 
    1907         out     TI_cond         as control_signal       (Brief="Temperature Indicator of Condenser ", Protected = true, PosX=0.52, PosY=0);
    1908         out     LI_cond         as control_signal       (Brief="Level Indicator of Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.084);
    1909         out     PI_cond         as control_signal       (Brief="Pressure Indicator of Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=0.42, PosY=0);
    1910        
    1911         in      FeedTray        as stream               (Brief="Feed stream", PosX=0, PosY=0.55);
    1912        
    1913         out     VapourDistillate        as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour outlet stream From Top Condenser", PosX=0.66, PosY=0);
    1914         out     LiquidDistillate        as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", PosX=1, PosY=0.24);
    1915 
    1916         in      Q_cond          as power (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser",PosX=1, PosY=0.04, Protected = true);
    1917 
    1918         in      VapourInlet             as stream                       (Brief="Vapour Inlet in the section", PosX=0.07, PosY=1);
    1919         out     LiquidOutlet    as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid Outlet in the section", PosX=0.32, PosY=1);
    1920 
    1921         in      ConnectorSplitterOut    as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", Hidden=true);
    1922         in      ConnectorCondenserVout  as stream       (Brief="Connector for Vapour outlet stream From Top Condenser", Hidden=true);
    1923                 VapourConnector                 as stream       (Brief="Vapour connection at the middle TRAYS", PosX=0.55, PosY=0,Hidden=true);
    1924                 ConnectorHeatCondenser  as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Condenser", Hidden=true);
    1925        
    1926 EQUATIONS
    1927 
    1928         TI_cond = CONDENSER.TI;
    1929         LI_cond = CONDENSER.LI;
    1930         PI_cond = CONDENSER.PI;
    1931        
    1932 for i in 1:NumberOfTrays do
    1933 
    1934 if i equal FeedTrayLocation(1) then   
    1935 
    1936 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Flow"       
    1937         FeedTray.F= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1938 
    1939 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Temperature"
    1940         FeedTray.T = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1941 
    1942 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Pressure"
    1943         FeedTray.P = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1944 
    1945 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Composition"
    1946         FeedTray.z = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1947 
    1948 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Vapour Fraction"
    1949         FeedTray.v = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1950 
    1951 "FeedTrayTop Inlet Enthalpy"
    1952         FeedTray.h = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1953 
    1954 else
    1955 
    1956 "Inlet Tray - Flow Sealed"
    1957     0*'mol/h'= TRAYS(i).Inlet.F;
    1958        
    1959 "Inlet Tray -  Temperature"
    1960     300*'K' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.T;
    1961        
    1962 "Inlet Tray -  Pressure"
    1963     1*'atm' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.P;
    1964        
    1965 "Inlet Tray -  Composition"
    1966     0.1 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.z;
    1967        
    1968 "Inlet Tray -  Vapour Fraction"
    1969     0 = TRAYS(i).Inlet.v;
    1970        
    1971 "Inlet Tray -  Enthalpy"
    1972     0*'J/mol' = TRAYS(i).Inlet.h;
    1973 
    1974 end
    1975 
    1976 end
    1977 
    1978         Q_cond = ConnectorHeatCondenser;
    1979 
    1980 # Condenser Connector Equations
    1981         ConnectorCondenserVout.T = VapourDistillate.T;
    1982         ConnectorCondenserVout.P = VapourDistillate.P;
    1983         ConnectorCondenserVout.F = VapourDistillate.F;
    1984         ConnectorCondenserVout.z = VapourDistillate.z;
    1985        
    1986 # Splitter Connector Equations
    1987         ConnectorSplitterOut.T = LiquidDistillate.T;
    1988         ConnectorSplitterOut.P = LiquidDistillate.P;
    1989         ConnectorSplitterOut.F = LiquidDistillate.F;
    1990         ConnectorSplitterOut.z = LiquidDistillate.z;
    1991        
    1992         LiquidOutlet.F= TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid.F;
    1993         LiquidOutlet.T = TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid.T;
    1994         LiquidOutlet.P = TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid.P;
    1995         LiquidOutlet.z = TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid.z;
    1996 
    1997         VapourConnector.F= VapourInlet.F;
    1998         VapourConnector.T = VapourInlet.T;
    1999         VapourConnector.P = VapourInlet.P;
    2000         VapourConnector.z = VapourInlet.z;
    2001         VapourConnector.v = VapourInlet.v;
    2002         VapourConnector.h = VapourInlet.h;
    2003 
    2004 CONNECTIONS
    2005 #vapor
    2006         TRAYS(1).OutletVapour to CONDENSER.InletVapour;
    2007 
    2008 #liquid
    2009         CONDENSER.OutletLiquid  to SPLITTER.Inlet;     
    2010         SPLITTER.Outlet2        to PUMP.Inlet; 
    2011         PUMP.Outlet             to TRAYS(1).InletLiquid;
    2012 
    2013 #Connectors
    2014 ConnectorHeatCondenser  to CONDENSER.InletQ;
    2015 VapourConnector                 to TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).InletVapour;
    2016 SPLITTER.Outlet1                to ConnectorSplitterOut;
    2017 CONDENSER.OutletVapour  to ConnectorCondenserVout;
    2018 
    2019 end
    2020 
    2021 Model PackedDistillation_kettle_cond as Packed_Section_ColumnBasic
    2022         ATTRIBUTES
    2023         Pallete         = true;
    2024         Icon            = "icon/PackedDistillationKettleCond";
    2025         Brief           = "Model of a distillation column with dynamic condenser and dynamic reboiler.";
    2026         Info            =
    2027 "== Specify ==
    2028 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    2029 * the pump pressure difference;
    2030 * the total pressure drop (dP) of the packing;
    2031 * the heat supllied in reboiler and condenser;
    2032 * the condenser vapor outlet flow (OutletVapour.F);
    2033 * the reboiler liquid outlet flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    2034 * both splitter outlet flows OR one of the splitter outlet flows and the splitter frac.
    2035        
    2036 == Initial Conditions ==
    2037 * the stages temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2038 * the stages initial molar holdup;
    2039 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each stage;
    2040        
    2041 * the condenser temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2042 * the condenser liquid level (Level);
    2043 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions;
    2044        
    2045 * the reboiler temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2046 * the reboiler liquid level (Level);
    2047 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions.
    2048 ";
    2049        
    2050 PARAMETERS
    2051 
    2052         #VapourFlow as Switcher (Valid = ["on", "off"], Hidden = true ,Default = "on");
    2053        
    2054 VARIABLES
    2055 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2056 # Column Devices
    2057 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2058         CONDENSER       as condenser    (Brief="dymamic condenser");
    2059         REBOILER        as reboiler             (Brief="kettle reboiler");
    2060         SPLITTER        as splitter2            (Brief="splitter which separate reflux and distillate");
    2061         PUMP            as pump                 (Brief="pump in reflux stream");
    2062 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2063 # Heat Ports
    2064 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2065         in      HeatToReboiler  as power (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler",Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.885);
    2066         in      HeatToCondenser as power (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser", Protected = true, PosX=1, PosY=0.034);
    2067 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2068 # Column Products
    2069 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2070         out     VapourDistillate        as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour outlet stream From Top Condenser", PosX=0.66, PosY=0);
    2071         out     LiquidDistillate        as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", PosX=1, PosY=0.20);
    2072         out     BottomProduct           as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", PosX=0.68, PosY=1);
    2073 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2074 # Column Connectors
    2075 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++             
    2076         in      ConnectorCondenserVout  as stream       (Brief="Connector for Vapour outlet stream From Top Condenser", Hidden=true);
    2077         in      ConnectorSplitterOut    as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", Hidden=true);
    2078         in      ConnectorReboilerLout   as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    2079                 ConnectorHeatReboiler   as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    2080                 ConnectorHeatCondenser  as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser", Hidden=true);
    2081 
    2082 CONNECTIONS
    2083 
    2084 #vapor
    2085         #REBOILER.OutletVapour          to STAGES(NumberOfStages).VapourConnector;
    2086         STAGES(1).OutletVapour          to CONDENSER.InletVapour;
    2087 
    2088 #liquid
    2089         CONDENSER.OutletLiquid                          to SPLITTER.Inlet;     
    2090         SPLITTER.Outlet2                                to PUMP.Inlet;
    2091         #PUMP.Outlet                                    to STAGES(1).InletLiquid;
    2092         STAGES(NumberOfStages).OutletLiquid     to REBOILER.InletLiquid;
    2093 
    2094 #Connectors
    2095 ConnectorHeatReboiler   to REBOILER.InletQ;
    2096 ConnectorHeatCondenser  to CONDENSER.InletQ;
    2097 
    2098 CONDENSER.OutletVapour          to ConnectorCondenserVout;
    2099 SPLITTER.Outlet1                to ConnectorSplitterOut;
    2100 REBOILER.OutletLiquid           to ConnectorReboilerLout;
    2101 
    2102 EQUATIONS
    2103         HeatToReboiler  = ConnectorHeatReboiler;
    2104         HeatToCondenser = ConnectorHeatCondenser;
    2105        
    2106 # Condenser Connector Equations
    2107         ConnectorCondenserVout.T = VapourDistillate.T;
    2108         ConnectorCondenserVout.P = VapourDistillate.P;
    2109         ConnectorCondenserVout.F = VapourDistillate.F;
    2110         ConnectorCondenserVout.z = VapourDistillate.z;
    2111 
    2112 # Splitter Connector Equations
    2113         ConnectorSplitterOut.T = LiquidDistillate.T;
    2114         ConnectorSplitterOut.P = LiquidDistillate.P;
    2115         ConnectorSplitterOut.F = LiquidDistillate.F;
    2116         ConnectorSplitterOut.z = LiquidDistillate.z;
    2117 
    2118 # Reboiler Connector Equations
    2119         ConnectorReboilerLout.T = BottomProduct.T;
    2120         ConnectorReboilerLout.P = BottomProduct.P;
    2121         ConnectorReboilerLout.F = BottomProduct.F;
    2122         ConnectorReboilerLout.z = BottomProduct.z;
    2123 
    2124 end
    2125 
    2126 Model Rectifier_subcooling as Section_ColumnBasicX
    2127 
    2128 ATTRIBUTES
    2129         Pallete         = true;
    2130         Icon            = "icon/RefluxedSubcooling";
    2131         Brief           = "Model of a rectifier column with steady condenser.";
    2132         Info            =
    2133 "== Specify ==
    2134 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    2135 * the Murphree eficiency for each tray Emv;
    2136 * the InletVapour stream of the bottom tray unless its flow;
    2137 * the pump head;
    2138 * the condenser pressure drop;
    2139 * the heat supllied in  the top tank;
    2140 * the heat supllied in condenser;
    2141 * both  top splitter outlet flows OR one of the splitter outlet flows and the splitter frac.
    2142        
    2143 == Initial Conditions ==
    2144 * the TRAYS temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2145 * the TRAYS liquid level (Level) OR the TRAYS liquid flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    2146 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each tray;
    2147        
    2148 * the top tank temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2149 * the top tank liquid level (Level);
    2150 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions;
    2151 ";
    2152        
    2153 PARAMETERS
    2154         CondenserVapourFlow             as Switcher     (Valid = ["on", "off"], Default = "on",Hidden=true);
    2155 
    2156 VARIABLES
    2157 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2158 # Column Vapour and Liquid Draw Sides
    2159 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2160         out     VapourDrawOff   as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.485,Protected = true);
    2161         out     LiquidDrawOff   as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.535,Protected = true);
    2162 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2163 # Column Devices
    2164 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2165         CONDENSER               as condenserSteady      (Brief="steady state condenser with subcooling");
    2166         ACCUMULATOR             as tank_cylindrical     (Brief="vessel drum (layed cilinder)");
    2167         SPLITTER                as splitter2                    (Brief="plitter which separate reflux and distillate");
    2168         PUMP                    as pump                         (Brief="pump in reflux stream");
    2169         alfaTopo                as Real;
    2170 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2171 # Column Bottom outlets
    2172 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2173         in      VapourInlet             as stream                       (Brief="Vapour Inlet in the section", PosX=0.07, PosY=1);
    2174         out     LiquidOutlet    as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid Outlet in the section", PosX=0.32, PosY=1);
    2175 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2176 # Heat Ports
    2177 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2178         in      HeatToCondenser         as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser", PosX=1, PosY=0.070, Protected=true);
    2179         in      HeatToAccumulator       as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Top Accumulator", PosX=1, PosY=0.23, Protected=true);
    2180 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2181 # Column Top Product
    2182 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2183         out     LiquidDistillate                as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", PosX=1, PosY=0.285);
    2184 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2185 # Column Connectors
    2186 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2187 in      ConnectorSplitterTop            as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", Hidden=true);
    2188         VapourConnector                         as stream       (Brief="Vapour connection at the middle TRAYS", PosX=0.55, PosY=0,Hidden=true);
    2189         ConnectorHeatCondenser          as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Condenser", Hidden=true);
    2190         ConnectorHeatAccumulator        as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Top Accumulator", Hidden=true);
    2191 
    2192 EQUATIONS
    2193 #Heat Connectors
    2194         HeatToCondenser         = ConnectorHeatCondenser;
    2195         HeatToAccumulator       = ConnectorHeatAccumulator;
    2196        
    2197         LiquidOutlet.F= TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid.F;
    2198         LiquidOutlet.T = TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid.T;
    2199         LiquidOutlet.P = TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid.P;
    2200         LiquidOutlet.z = TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid.z;
    2201 
    2202         VapourConnector.F= VapourInlet.F;
    2203         VapourConnector.T = VapourInlet.T;
    2204         VapourConnector.P = VapourInlet.P;
    2205         VapourConnector.z = VapourInlet.z;
    2206         VapourConnector.v = VapourInlet.v;
    2207         VapourConnector.h = VapourInlet.h;
    2208        
    2209 # Splitter Connector Equations
    2210         ConnectorSplitterTop.T = LiquidDistillate.T;
    2211         ConnectorSplitterTop.P = LiquidDistillate.P;
    2212         ConnectorSplitterTop.F = LiquidDistillate.F;
    2213         ConnectorSplitterTop.z = LiquidDistillate.z;
    2214 
    2215         VapourDrawOff.F*VapSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.VapourSideStream.F;
    2216         VapourDrawOff.T = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.T;
    2217         VapourDrawOff.P = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.P;
    2218         VapourDrawOff.z = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.z;
    2219 
    2220         LiquidDrawOff.F*LiqSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.LiquidSideStream.F;
    2221         LiquidDrawOff.T = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.T;
    2222         LiquidDrawOff.P = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.P;
    2223         LiquidDrawOff.z = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.z;
    2224 
    2225         VapourDrawOffFlow = VapourDrawOff.F;
    2226         LiquidDrawOffFlow = LiquidDrawOff.F;
    2227        
    2228 switch CondenserVapourFlow
    2229 
    2230         case "on":
    2231                 CONDENSER.InletVapour.F*TRAYS(1).vV = alfaTopo *Ah * sqrt(2*(TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.P -
    2232                 CONDENSER.OutletLiquid.P + 1e-8 * 'atm') / (alfa*TRAYS(1).rhoV));
    2233         when CONDENSER.InletVapour.F < 1e-6 * 'kmol/h' switchto "off";
    2234                
    2235         case "off":
    2236                 CONDENSER.InletVapour.F = 0 * 'mol/s';
    2237         when TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.P > CONDENSER.OutletLiquid.P + 1e-1 * 'atm' switchto "on";
    2238 
    2239 end     
    2240 
    2241 CONNECTIONS
    2242 #vapor
    2243         TRAYS(1).OutletVapour to CONDENSER.InletVapour;
    2244 
    2245 #liquid
    2246         CONDENSER.OutletLiquid          to ACCUMULATOR.Inlet;   
    2247         ACCUMULATOR.Outlet                                      to SPLITTER.Inlet;
    2248         SPLITTER.Outlet2                to PUMP.Inlet; 
    2249         PUMP.Outlet                                             to TRAYS(1).InletLiquid;
    2250 
    2251 #Connectors
    2252         VapourConnector                         to TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).InletVapour;
    2253         ConnectorHeatCondenser                  to CONDENSER.InletQ;
    2254         SPLITTER.Outlet1        to ConnectorSplitterTop;
    2255         ConnectorHeatAccumulator                        to ACCUMULATOR.InletQ;
    2256 
    2257 end
    2258 
    2259 Model Reboiled_Stripping_kettle as Section_ColumnBasicX
    2260        
    2261 ATTRIBUTES
    2262         Pallete         = true;
    2263         Icon            = "icon/ReboiledKettle";
    2264         Brief           = "Model of a reboiled stripping column with dynamic reboiler.";
    2265         Info            =
    2266 "== Specify ==
    2267 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    2268 * the Murphree eficiency for each tray Emv;
    2269 * the vapour flow leaving the top of the column;
    2270 * the InletLiquidiquid stream of the top tray;
    2271 * the heat supllied in the reboiler;
    2272 * the reboiler liquid outlet flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    2273        
    2274 == Initial Conditions ==
    2275 * the TRAYS temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2276 * the TRAYS liquid level (Level) OR the TRAYS liquid flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    2277 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each tray;
    2278        
    2279 * the reboiler temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2280 * the reboiler liquid level (Level);
    2281 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions.
    2282 ";
    2283 
    2284 VARIABLES
    2285 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2286 # Column Vapour and Liquid Draw Sides
    2287 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2288         out     VapourDrawOff   as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.28,Protected = true);
    2289         out     LiquidDrawOff   as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.33,Protected = true);
    2290 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2291 # Column Devices
    2292 #+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ 
    2293         REBOILER as reboiler (Brief="Kettle Reboiler");
    2294 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2295 # Heat Port
    2296 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2297         in      HeatToReboiler  as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler",PosX=1, PosY=0.865,Protected=true);
    2298 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2299 # Column Top Outlets
    2300 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++             
    2301         in      LiquidInlet             as      stream                  (Brief="Liquid Inlet in the section", PosX=0.30, PosY=0);
    2302         out     VapourOutlet    as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour Outlet in the section", PosX=0.07, PosY=0);
    2303 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2304 # Column Bottom Product
    2305 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2306         out     BottomProduct   as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", PosX=0.68, PosY=1);
    2307 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2308 # Column Connectors
    2309 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2310         in      ConnectorReboilerLout   as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    2311                 LiquidConnector                 as stream       (Brief="Liquid connection at the middle TRAYS", PosX=0.75, PosY=1,Hidden=true);
    2312                 ConnectorHeatReboiler   as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    2313 
    2314 CONNECTIONS
    2315 #vapor
    2316         REBOILER.OutletVapour to TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).InletVapour;
    2317        
    2318 #liquid
    2319         TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid to REBOILER.InletLiquid;
    2320 
    2321 #Connectors
    2322 REBOILER.OutletLiquid           to ConnectorReboilerLout;
    2323 LiquidConnector                 to TRAYS(1).InletLiquid;
    2324 ConnectorHeatReboiler   to REBOILER.InletQ;
    2325 
    2326 EQUATIONS
    2327 #Heat Connectors
    2328         HeatToReboiler = ConnectorHeatReboiler;
    2329        
    2330         LiquidConnector.F= LiquidInlet.F;
    2331         LiquidConnector.T = LiquidInlet.T;
    2332         LiquidConnector.P = LiquidInlet.P;
    2333         LiquidConnector.z = LiquidInlet.z;
    2334         LiquidConnector.v = LiquidInlet.v;
    2335         LiquidConnector.h = LiquidInlet.h;
    2336        
    2337         VapourOutlet.F= TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.F;
    2338         VapourOutlet.T = TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.T;
    2339         VapourOutlet.P = TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.P;
    2340         VapourOutlet.z = TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.z;
    2341        
    2342 # Reboiler Connector Equations
    2343         ConnectorReboilerLout.T = BottomProduct.T;
    2344         ConnectorReboilerLout.P = BottomProduct.P;
    2345         ConnectorReboilerLout.F = BottomProduct.F;
    2346         ConnectorReboilerLout.z = BottomProduct.z;
    2347        
    2348         VapourDrawOff.F*VapSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.VapourSideStream.F;
    2349         VapourDrawOff.T = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.T;
    2350         VapourDrawOff.P = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.P;
    2351         VapourDrawOff.z = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.z;
    2352 
    2353         LiquidDrawOff.F*LiqSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.LiquidSideStream.F;
    2354         LiquidDrawOff.T = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.T;
    2355         LiquidDrawOff.P = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.P;
    2356         LiquidDrawOff.z = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.z;
    2357 
    2358         VapourDrawOffFlow = VapourDrawOff.F;
    2359         LiquidDrawOffFlow = LiquidDrawOff.F;
    2360 
    2361 end
    2362 
    2363 Model Reboiled_Stripping_thermosyphon as Section_ColumnBasicX
    2364 
    2365 ATTRIBUTES
    2366         Pallete         = true;
    2367         Icon            = "icon/ReboiledThermosyphon";
    2368         Brief           = "Model of a reboiled stripping column with steady reboiler.";
    2369         Info            =
    2370 "== Specify ==
    2371 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    2372 * the Murphree eficiency for each tray (Emv);
    2373 * the vapour flow leaving the top of the column;
    2374 * the InletLiquidiquid stream of the top tray;
    2375 * the heat supllied in bottom tank;
    2376 * the heat supllied in the reboiler;
    2377 * the Outlet1 flow in the bottom splitter (spbottom.Outlet1.F) that corresponds to the bottom product;
    2378        
    2379 == Initial Conditions ==
    2380 * the TRAYS temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2381 * the TRAYS liquid level (Level) OR the TRAYS liquid flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    2382 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each tray;
    2383 
    2384 * the bottom tank temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2385 * the bottom tank liquid level (Level);
    2386 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions.
    2387 ";
    2388 
    2389 VARIABLES
    2390 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2391 # Column Vapour and Liquid Draw Sides
    2392 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2393         out     VapourDrawOff   as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.28,Protected = true);
    2394         out     LiquidDrawOff   as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.33,Protected = true);
    2395 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2396 # Column Devices
    2397 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2398         REBOILER                as reboilerSteady       (Brief="steady state reboiler (thermosyphon)");
    2399         SPLITTER                as splitter2            (Brief="splitter which separate the bottom product and the stream to reboiler");
    2400         ACCUMULATOR     as tank                         (Brief="vessel in the bottom of column");
    2401 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2402 # Heat Ports
    2403 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2404         in      HeatToReboiler          as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler",PosX=1, PosY=0.84,Protected=true);
    2405         in      HeatToAccumulator       as power        (Brief="Heat supplied to Bottom Vessel",PosX=0, PosY=0.91,Protected=true);
    2406 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2407 # Column Top Outlets
    2408 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2409         in      LiquidInlet             as      stream                  (Brief="Liquid Inlet in the section", PosX=0.32, PosY=0);
    2410         out     VapourOutlet    as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour Outlet in the section", PosX=0.07, PosY=0);
    2411 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2412 # Column Bottom Product
    2413 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2414         out     BottomProduct   as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", PosX=0.19, PosY=1);
    2415         LiquidConnector         as stream                       (Brief="Liquid connection at the middle TRAYS", PosX=0.75, PosY=1,Hidden=true);
    2416 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2417 # Column Connectors
    2418 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2419         in      ConnectorSplitterBottom         as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    2420         ConnectorHeatReboiler                   as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    2421         ConnectorHeatAccumulator                as power        (Brief="Connector for Heat supplied to Bottom Accumulator", Hidden=true);
    2422 
    2423 CONNECTIONS
    2424 #vapor
    2425         REBOILER.OutletVapour to TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).InletVapour;
    2426        
    2427 #liquid
    2428         TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid       to ACCUMULATOR.Inlet;
    2429         ACCUMULATOR.Outlet                              to SPLITTER.Inlet;
    2430         SPLITTER.Outlet2                                to REBOILER.InletLiquid;
    2431 
    2432 #Connectors
    2433 LiquidConnector                         to TRAYS(1).InletLiquid;
    2434 ConnectorHeatReboiler           to REBOILER.InletQ;
    2435 ConnectorHeatAccumulator        to ACCUMULATOR.InletQ;
    2436 SPLITTER.Outlet1                        to ConnectorSplitterBottom;
    2437 
    2438 EQUATIONS
    2439 #Heat Connectors
    2440         HeatToReboiler  = ConnectorHeatReboiler;
    2441         HeatToAccumulator       = ConnectorHeatAccumulator;
    2442        
    2443         ConnectorSplitterBottom.T = BottomProduct.T;
    2444         ConnectorSplitterBottom.P = BottomProduct.P;
    2445         ConnectorSplitterBottom.F = BottomProduct.F;
    2446         ConnectorSplitterBottom.z = BottomProduct.z;
    2447        
    2448         LiquidConnector.F= LiquidInlet.F;
    2449         LiquidConnector.T = LiquidInlet.T;
    2450         LiquidConnector.P = LiquidInlet.P;
    2451         LiquidConnector.z = LiquidInlet.z;
    2452         LiquidConnector.v = LiquidInlet.v;
    2453         LiquidConnector.h = LiquidInlet.h;
    2454        
    2455         VapourOutlet.F= TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.F;
    2456         VapourOutlet.T = TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.T;
    2457         VapourOutlet.P = TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.P;
    2458         VapourOutlet.z = TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.z;
    2459        
    2460         VapourDrawOff.F*VapSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.VapourSideStream.F;
    2461         VapourDrawOff.T = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.T;
    2462         VapourDrawOff.P = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.P;
    2463         VapourDrawOff.z = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.z;
    2464 
    2465         LiquidDrawOff.F*LiqSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.LiquidSideStream.F;
    2466         LiquidDrawOff.T = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.T;
    2467         LiquidDrawOff.P = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.P;
    2468         LiquidDrawOff.z = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.z;
    2469 
    2470         VapourDrawOffFlow = VapourDrawOff.F;
    2471         LiquidDrawOffFlow = LiquidDrawOff.F;
    2472 
    2473 end
    2474 
    2475 Model ReactiveDistillation
    2476        
    2477 ATTRIBUTES
    2478         Pallete         = true;
    2479         Icon            = "icon/DistillationReac";
    2480         Brief           = "Model of a reactive distillation column with dynamic condenser and reboiler.";
    2481         Info            =
    2482 "== Specify ==
    2483 * the reaction related variables for each tray, condenser and reboiler;
    2484 * the feed stream of each tray (Inlet);
    2485 * the Murphree eficiency for each tray Emv;
    2486 * the pump pressure difference;
    2487 * the heat supllied in reboiler and condenser;
    2488 * the condenser vapor outlet flow (OutletVapour.F);
    2489 * the reboiler liquid outlet flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    2490 * both splitter outlet flows OR one of the splitter outlet flows and the splitter frac.
    2491        
    2492 == Initial Conditions ==
    2493 * the TRAYS temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2494 * the TRAYS liquid level (Level) OR the TRAYS liquid flow (OutletLiquid.F);
    2495 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions for each tray;
    2496        
    2497 * the condenser temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2498 * the condenser liquid level (Level);
    2499 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions;
    2500        
    2501 * the reboiler temperature (OutletLiquid.T);
    2502 * the reboiler liquid level (Level);
    2503 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid (OR OutletVapour) compositions.
    2504 ";
    2505        
    2506 PARAMETERS
    2507         outer PP        as Plugin       (Type="PP");
    2508         outer NComp as Integer  (Brief="Number of Components");
    2509 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2510 # Section Column Feed Tray - Side Streams  Location and Numbering
    2511 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2512         NumberOfTrays                                           as Integer      (Brief="Number of TRAYS", Default=2);
    2513         FeedTrayIndex(NumberOfTrays)            as Integer      (Brief="Feed Tray Index", Default=0,Hidden=true);
    2514         LiqSideTrayIndex(NumberOfTrays)         as Integer      (Brief="Liquid Side Tray Index", Default=0,Hidden=true);
    2515         VapSideTrayIndex(NumberOfTrays)         as Integer      (Brief="Vapour Side Tray Index", Default=0,Hidden=true);
    2516         FeedTrayLocation                                        as Integer      (Brief="Feed tray Location", Default=2);
    2517         LiquidSideStreamLocation                        as Integer      (Brief="Liquid Side Stream Location", Default=2);
    2518         VapourSideStreamLocation                        as Integer      (Brief="Vapour Side Stream Location", Default=2);
    2519 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2520 # Section Column Flow Model for Liquid and Vapour
    2521 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2522         VapourFlow              as Switcher     (Valid = ["on", "off"], Default = "off",Hidden=true);
    2523         TrayVapourFlow  as Switcher     (Valid = ["on", "off"], Default = "off",Hidden=true);
    2524         TrayLiquidFlow  as Switcher     (Valid = ["on", "off"], Default = "off",Hidden=true);
    2525         alfacond                as Real;
    2526 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2527 # Section Column Tray Geometry and Auxiliar Parameters
    2528 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2529         V               as volume               (Brief="Total Volume of the tray",Hidden=true);
    2530         Q               as power                (Brief="Rate of heat supply",Hidden=true);
    2531         Ap              as area                 (Brief="Plate area = Atray - Adowncomer",Hidden=true);
    2532         Ah              as area                 (Brief="Total holes area",Hidden=true);
    2533         lw              as length               (Brief="Weir length",Hidden=true);
    2534         g               as acceleration (Brief="Gravity Acceleration",Default=9.81,Hidden=true);
    2535         hw              as length               (Brief="Weir height",Hidden=true);
    2536         beta    as fraction     (Brief="Aeration fraction");
    2537         alfa    as fraction     (Brief="Dry pressure drop coefficient");
    2538 
    2539         VolumeOfTray            as volume               (Brief="Total Volume of the tray");
    2540         HeatSupply                      as heat_rate    (Brief="Rate of heat supply");
    2541         PlateArea                       as area                 (Brief="Plate area = Atray - Adowncomer");
    2542         HolesArea                       as area                 (Brief="Total holes area");
    2543         WeirLength                      as length               (Brief="Weir length");
    2544         WeirHeight                      as length               (Brief="Weir height");
    2545 
    2546         stoic(NComp)    as Real(Brief="Stoichiometric matrix");
    2547         Hr                                              as energy_mol;
    2548        
    2549 SET
    2550 
    2551         FeedTrayIndex(FeedTrayLocation)         =1;
    2552         VapSideTrayIndex(FeedTrayLocation)      =1;
    2553         LiqSideTrayIndex(FeedTrayLocation)      =1;
    2554 
    2555         V=VolumeOfTray;
    2556         Q=HeatSupply;
    2557         Ap=PlateArea;
    2558         Ah=HolesArea;
    2559         lw=WeirLength;
    2560         hw=WeirHeight ;
    2561        
    2562 VARIABLES
    2563 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2564 # Tray Initialization For the Whole Column Section
    2565 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2566         INITIALIZATION          as InitializeSection    (Brief = "Column Model Initialization");
    2567 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2568 # Column Feed - Side Stream Flow and Murphree Efficiency
    2569 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++     
    2570         in      FeedTray                        as stream       (Brief="Feed stream", PosX=0, PosY=0.55);
    2571                 VapourDrawOffFlow       as flow_mol (Brief = "Stream Molar Flow Rate");
    2572                 LiquidDrawOffFlow   as flow_mol (Brief = "Stream Molar Flow Rate");
    2573                 MurphreeEff             as Real         (Brief = "Murphree efficiency");
    2574 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2575 # Column Vapour and Liquid Draw Sides
    2576 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2577         out     VapourDrawOff   as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.395,Protected = true);
    2578         out     LiquidDrawOff   as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid Outlet in the section", PosX=1, PosY=0.44,Protected = true);
    2579 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2580 # Heat Ports
    2581 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2582         in      HeatToReboiler  as power (Brief="Heat supplied to Reboiler", PosX=1, PosY=0.89);
    2583         in      HeatToCondenser as power (Brief="Heat supplied to Condenser", PosX=1, PosY=0.07);
    2584 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2585 # Column Devices
    2586 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2587         TRAYS(NumberOfTrays)    as trayReac;
    2588         CONDENSER                               as condenserReact;
    2589         REBOILER                                as reboilerReact;
    2590         SPLITTER                                as splitter2;
    2591         PUMP                                    as pump;
    2592 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2593 # Column Outlets
    2594 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2595         out     VapourDistillate        as vapour_stream        (Brief="Vapour outlet stream From Condenser", PosX=0.59, PosY=0);
    2596         out     LiquidDistillate        as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Splitter", PosX=1, PosY=0.23);
    2597         out     BottomProduct           as liquid_stream        (Brief="Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", PosX=0.67, PosY=1);
    2598 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2599 # Column Connectors
    2600 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2601 in      ConnectorCondenserVout  as stream       (Brief="Connector for Vapour outlet stream From Top Condenser", Hidden=true);
    2602 in      ConnectorSplitterOut    as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Top Splitter", Hidden=true);
    2603 in      ConnectorReboilerLout   as stream       (Brief="Connector for Liquid outlet stream From Reboiler", Hidden=true);
    2604 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2605 # Column Control Ports
    2606 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2607         out     TRI as control_signal   (Brief="Temperature of Reboiler Indicator", PosX=1, PosY=0.83);
    2608         out     LRI as control_signal   (Brief="Level of Reboiler Indicator", PosX=1, PosY=0.855);
    2609         out     TCI as control_signal   (Brief="Temperature of Condenser Indicator", PosX=1, PosY=0.01);
    2610         out     LCI as control_signal   (Brief="Level of Condenser Indicator", PosX=1, PosY=0.04);
    2611 
    2612 CONNECTIONS
    2613 #vapor
    2614         REBOILER.OutletVapour                                   to TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).InletVapour;
    2615         TRAYS(1).OutletVapour                                   to CONDENSER.InletVapour;
    2616         TRAYS([2:NumberOfTrays]).OutletVapour   to TRAYS([1:NumberOfTrays-1]).InletVapour;
    2617 
    2618 #liquid
    2619         CONDENSER.OutletLiquid                                  to SPLITTER.Inlet;     
    2620         SPLITTER.Outlet2                                        to PUMP.Inlet;
    2621         PUMP.Outlet                                             to TRAYS(1).InletLiquid;
    2622         TRAYS([1:NumberOfTrays-1]).OutletLiquid         to TRAYS([2:NumberOfTrays]).InletLiquid;
    2623         TRAYS(NumberOfTrays).OutletLiquid               to REBOILER.InletLiquid;
    2624 
    2625 #Connectors
    2626         CONDENSER.OutletVapour  to ConnectorCondenserVout;
    2627         SPLITTER.Outlet1        to ConnectorSplitterOut;
    2628         REBOILER.OutletLiquid   to ConnectorReboilerLout;
    2629 
    2630 INITIAL
    2631 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2632 # Tray Initialization
    2633 #++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
    2634 for i in 1:NumberOfTrays do
    2635 
    2636 "The initial temperature of the TRAYS"
    2637         TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.T = INITIALIZATION.TopTemperature+(INITIALIZATION.BottomTemperature-INITIALIZATION.TopTemperature)*((i-1)/(NumberOfTrays-1));
    2638 
    2639 "The initial Level of the TRAYS"
    2640         TRAYS(i).Level = INITIALIZATION.LevelFraction*hw;
    2641 end
    2642 
    2643 for i in 1:NComp-1 do
    2644 
    2645 for j in 1:NumberOfTrays do
    2646 
    2647 "The initial composition of the TRAYS - Normalized"
    2648         TRAYS(j).OutletLiquid.z(i) = INITIALIZATION.TopComposition(i)/sum(INITIALIZATION.TopComposition) +(INITIALIZATION.BottomComposition(i)/sum(INITIALIZATION.BottomComposition)-INITIALIZATION.TopComposition(i)/sum(INITIALIZATION.TopComposition) )*((j-1)/(NumberOfTrays-1));
    2649 end
    2650 
    2651 end
    2652 
    2653 EQUATIONS
    2654 
    2655 for i in [1:NumberOfTrays] do
    2656 
    2657 "Murphree Efficiency"
    2658         TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.z =  MurphreeEff * (TRAYS(i).yideal - TRAYS(i).InletVapour.z) + TRAYS(i).InletVapour.z;
    2659        
    2660 "Energy Holdup"
    2661         TRAYS(i).E = TRAYS(i).ML*TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.h + TRAYS(i).MV*TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.h - TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.P*V;
    2662 
    2663 "Component Molar Balance"
    2664         diff(TRAYS(i).M)=TRAYS(i).Inlet.F*TRAYS(i).Inlet.z + TRAYS(i).InletLiquid.F*TRAYS(i).InletLiquid.z + TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F*TRAYS(i).InletVapour.z- TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F*TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.z - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.F*TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.z-
    2665         TRAYS(i).LiquidSideStream.F*TRAYS(i).LiquidSideStream.z-TRAYS(i).VapourSideStream.F*TRAYS(i).VapourSideStream.z + stoic*TRAYS(i).r3*TRAYS(i).ML*TRAYS(i).vL;
    2666        
    2667 "Energy Balance"
    2668         diff(TRAYS(i).E) = ( TRAYS(i).Inlet.F*TRAYS(i).Inlet.h + TRAYS(i).InletLiquid.F*TRAYS(i).InletLiquid.h + TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F*TRAYS(i).InletVapour.h- TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F*TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.h - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.F*TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.h
    2669         -TRAYS(i).VapourSideStream.F*TRAYS(i).VapourSideStream.h - TRAYS(i).LiquidSideStream.F*TRAYS(i).LiquidSideStream.h + Q ) + Hr * TRAYS(i).r3 *TRAYS(i). vL*TRAYS(i).ML;
    2670 
    2671 "Level of clear liquid over the weir"
    2672         TRAYS(i).Level = TRAYS(i).ML*TRAYS(i).vL/Ap;
    2673 
    2674 "Geometry Constraint"
    2675         V = TRAYS(i).ML* TRAYS(i).vL + TRAYS(i).MV*TRAYS(i).vV;
    2676 
    2677 end
    2678 
    2679 switch VapourFlow
    2680                 case "on":
    2681                 "Pressure Drop through the condenser"
    2682                 CONDENSER.InletVapour.F*TRAYS(1).vV / 'm^2' =
    2683                         sqrt((TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.P - CONDENSER.OutletLiquid.P + 1e-8 * 'atm')/(TRAYS(1).rhoV*alfacond));
    2684                 when TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.P < CONDENSER.OutletLiquid.P switchto "off";
    2685                
    2686                 case "off":
    2687                 "Prato selado"
    2688                 CONDENSER.InletVapour.F = 0.0 * 'mol/s';
    2689                 when TRAYS(1).OutletVapour.P > CONDENSER.OutletLiquid.P + 1e-3 * 'atm' switchto "on";
    2690         end
    2691 
    2692 for i in [1:NumberOfTrays] do
    2693 
    2694         switch TrayLiquidFlow
    2695                 case "on":
    2696                 "Francis Equation"
    2697                 TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F*TRAYS(i).vL = 1.84*'1/s'*lw*((TRAYS(i).Level-(beta*hw)+1e-6*'m')/(beta))^2;
    2698                 when TRAYS(i).Level < (beta * hw) switchto "off";
    2699                
    2700                 case "off":
    2701                 "Low level"
    2702                 TRAYS(i).OutletLiquid.F = 0 * 'mol/h';
    2703                 when TRAYS(i).Level > (beta * hw) + 1e-6*'m' switchto "on";
    2704         end
    2705 
    2706         switch TrayVapourFlow
    2707                 case "on":
    2708                 TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F*TRAYS(i).vV = sqrt((TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P - TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P - TRAYS(i).Level*g*TRAYS(i).rhoL + 1e-8 * 'atm')/(TRAYS(i).rhoV*alfa))*Ah;
    2709                 when TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P < TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P + TRAYS(i).Level*g*TRAYS(i).rhoL switchto "off";
    2710                
    2711                 case "off":
    2712                 TRAYS(i).InletVapour.F = 0 * 'mol/s';
    2713                 when TRAYS(i).InletVapour.P > TRAYS(i).OutletVapour.P + TRAYS(i).Level*g*TRAYS(i).rhoL + 3e-2 * 'atm' switchto "on";
    2714         end
    2715 
    2716 end
    2717 
    2718 # Connecting Trays
    2719         FeedTray.F*FeedTrayIndex= TRAYS.Inlet.F;
    2720         FeedTray.T = TRAYS.Inlet.T;
    2721         FeedTray.P = TRAYS.Inlet.P;
    2722         FeedTray.z = TRAYS.Inlet.z;
    2723         FeedTray.v = TRAYS.Inlet.v;
    2724         FeedTray.h = TRAYS.Inlet.h;
    2725 
    2726         HeatToReboiler  = REBOILER.InletQ;
    2727         HeatToCondenser = CONDENSER.InletQ;
    2728 
    2729 "Reboiler Temperature indicator"
    2730         TRI * 'K' = REBOILER.OutletLiquid.T;
    2731 
    2732 "Reboiler Level indicator"
    2733         LRI*REBOILER.V = REBOILER.Level*REBOILER.Across;
    2734 
    2735 "Condenser Temperature indicator"
    2736         TCI * 'K' = CONDENSER.OutletLiquid.T;
    2737 
    2738 "Condenser Level indicator"
    2739         LCI*CONDENSER.V = CONDENSER.Level*CONDENSER.Across;
    2740 
    2741 # Condenser Connector Equations
    2742         ConnectorCondenserVout.T = VapourDistillate.T;
    2743         ConnectorCondenserVout.P = VapourDistillate.P;
    2744         ConnectorCondenserVout.F = VapourDistillate.F;
    2745         ConnectorCondenserVout.z = VapourDistillate.z;
    2746 
    2747 # Splitter Connector Equations
    2748         ConnectorSplitterOut.T = LiquidDistillate.T;
    2749         ConnectorSplitterOut.P = LiquidDistillate.P;
    2750         ConnectorSplitterOut.F = LiquidDistillate.F;
    2751         ConnectorSplitterOut.z = LiquidDistillate.z;
    2752 
    2753 # Reboiler Connector Equations
    2754         ConnectorReboilerLout.T = BottomProduct.T;
    2755         ConnectorReboilerLout.P = BottomProduct.P;
    2756         ConnectorReboilerLout.F = BottomProduct.F;
    2757         ConnectorReboilerLout.z = BottomProduct.z;
    2758 
    2759         VapourDrawOff.F*VapSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.VapourSideStream.F;
    2760         VapourDrawOff.T = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.T;
    2761         VapourDrawOff.P = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.P;
    2762         VapourDrawOff.z = TRAYS(VapourSideStreamLocation).VapourSideStream.z;
    2763 
    2764         LiquidDrawOff.F*LiqSideTrayIndex= TRAYS.LiquidSideStream.F;
    2765         LiquidDrawOff.T = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.T;
    2766         LiquidDrawOff.P = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.P;
    2767         LiquidDrawOff.z = TRAYS(LiquidSideStreamLocation).LiquidSideStream.z;
    2768 
    2769         VapourDrawOffFlow = VapourDrawOff.F;
    2770         LiquidDrawOffFlow = LiquidDrawOff.F;
    2771 
    2772 end
    2773 
    2774 *#
  • branches/new_gui/eml/stage_separators/condenser.mso

    r889 r890  
    162162
    163163Model condenserReact
    164         ATTRIBUTES
     164
     165ATTRIBUTES
    165166        Pallete         = false;
    166167        Icon            = "icon/Condenser";
     
    463464
    464465        Pdrop   as press_delta  (Brief="Pressure Drop in the condenser",Default=0, Symbol="\Delta _P");
    465         #Fake_Temperature               as temperature  (Brief="Fake temperature", Symbol = "T_{fake}");
    466466
    467467
     
    469469        in      InletVapour     as stream       (Brief="Vapour inlet stream", PosX=0.16, PosY=0, Symbol="_{in}^{Vapour}");
    470470        out     OutletLiquid    as stream       (Brief="Liquid outlet stream", PosX=0.53, PosY=1, Symbol="_{out}^{Liquid}");
    471         #in     InletQ                  as power        (Brief="Heat Duty", PosX=1, PosY=0.08, Symbol="Q_{in}",Protected=true);
    472471        T_sub                           as temperature (Brief="Condensate temperature (subcooled)", Symbol = "T_{sub}");
    473472        SubcoolingDegree        as temp_delta (Brief="Subcooling Degree", Symbol = "\Delta _{sub}");
     
    485484        InletVapour.z = OutletLiquid.z;
    486485
    487 #"Energy Balance"
    488         #InletVapour.F*InletVapour.h  + InletQ = OutletLiquid.F*OutletLiquid.h;
    489 
    490486"Pressure Drop"
    491487        OutletLiquid.P = InletVapour.P - Pdrop;
  • branches/new_gui/eml/stage_separators/tray.mso

    r889 r890  
    272272end
    273273
    274 #*-------------------------------------------------------------------
    275 * Model of a tray with reaction
    276 *-------------------------------------------------------------------*#
    277274Model trayReac
    278275        ATTRIBUTES
     
    393390end
    394391
    395 #*-------------------------------------
    396 * Model of a packed column stage
    397 -------------------------------------*#
    398392Model packedStage
    399393
     
    558552end
    559553
    560 #*-------------------------------------
    561 * Nonequilibrium Model
    562 -------------------------------------*
    563 Model interfaceTeste
    564        
    565         ATTRIBUTES
    566         Pallete         = false;
    567         Icon            = "icon/Tray";
    568         Brief           = "Descrition of variables of the equilibrium interface.";
    569         Info            =
    570 "This model contains only the variables of the equilibrium interface.";
    571 
    572         PARAMETERS
    573 outer PP as Plugin(Brief = "External Physical Properties", Type="PP");
    574 outer NComp as Integer;
    575 outer NC1 as Integer;
    576        
    577         VARIABLES
    578         NL(NComp) as flow_mol_delta     (Brief = "Stream Molar Rate on Liquid Phase");
    579         NV(NComp) as flow_mol_delta     (Brief = "Stream Molar Rate on Vapour Phase");
    580         T as temperature                (Brief = "Stream Temperature");
    581         P as pressure                   (Brief = "Stream Pressure");
    582         x(NComp) as fraction    (Brief = "Stream Molar Fraction on Liquid Phase");
    583         y(NComp) as fraction    (Brief = "Stream Molar Fraction on Vapour Phase");
    584         a as area                           (Brief = "Interface Area");
    585         htL as heat_trans_coeff (Brief = "Heat Transference Coefficient on Liquid Phase");
    586         htV as heat_trans_coeff (Brief = "Heat Transference Coefficient on Vapour Phase");     
    587         E_liq as heat_rate      (Brief = "Liquid Energy Rate at interface");
    588     E_vap as heat_rate      (Brief = "Vapour Energy Rate at interface");       
    589         hL as enth_mol          (Brief = "Liquid Molar Enthalpy");
    590         hV as enth_mol          (Brief = "Vapour Molar Enthalpy");
    591         kL(NC1,NC1) as velocity (Brief = "Mass Transfer Coefficients");
    592         kV(NC1,NC1) as velocity (Brief = "Mass Transfer Coefficients");
    593        
    594         EQUATIONS
    595         "Liquid Enthalpy"
    596         hL = PP.LiquidEnthalpy(T, P, x);
    597        
    598         "Vapour Enthalpy"
    599         hV = PP.VapourEnthalpy(T, P, y);
    600 
    601 end
    602 
    603 Model trayRateBasicTeste
    604         ATTRIBUTES
    605         Pallete         = false;
    606         Icon            = "icon/Tray";
    607         Brief           = "Basic equations of a tray rate column model.";
    608         Info            =
    609 "This model contains only the main equations of a column tray nonequilibrium model without
    610 the hidraulic equations.
    611        
    612 == Assumptions ==
    613 * both phases (liquid and vapour) exists all the time;
    614 * no entrainment of liquid or vapour phase;
    615 * no weeping;
    616 * the dymanics in the downcomer are neglected.
    617 ";
    618        
    619         PARAMETERS
    620 outer PP as Plugin(Brief = "External Physical Properties", Type="PP");
    621 outer NComp as Integer;
    622     NC1 as Integer;
    623         V as volume(Brief="Total Volume of the tray");
    624         Q as heat_rate (Brief="Rate of heat supply");
    625         Ap as area (Brief="Plate area = Atray - Adowncomer");
    626        
    627         VARIABLES
    628 in      Inlet as stream (Brief="Feed stream", PosX=0, PosY=0.4932, Symbol="_{in}");
    629 in      InletFV as stream (Brief="Feed stream", PosX=0, PosY=0.4932, Symbol="_{in}");
    630 in      InletLiquid as stream (Brief="Inlet liquid stream", PosX=0.5195, PosY=0, Symbol="_{inL}");
    631 in      InletVapour as stream (Brief="Inlet vapour stream", PosX=0.4994, PosY=1, Symbol="_{inV}");
    632 out     OutletLiquid as liquid_stream (Brief="Outlet liquid stream", PosX=0.8277, PosY=1, Symbol="_{outL}");
    633 out     OutletVapour as vapour_stream (Brief="Outlet vapour stream", PosX=0.8043, PosY=0, Symbol="_{outV}");
    634 
    635         M_liq(NComp) as mol (Brief="Liquid Molar Holdup in the tray");
    636         M_vap(NComp) as mol (Brief="Vapour Molar Holdup in the tray");
    637         ML as mol (Brief="Molar liquid holdup");
    638         MV as mol (Brief="Molar vapour holdup");
    639         E_liq as energy (Brief="Total Liquid Energy Holdup on tray");
    640         E_vap as energy (Brief="Total Vapour Energy Holdup on tray");
    641         vL as volume_mol (Brief="Liquid Molar Volume");
    642         vV as volume_mol (Brief="Vapour Molar volume");
    643         Level as length (Brief="Height of clear liquid on plate");
    644         interf as interfaceTeste;       
    645 
    646         SET   
    647         NC1=NComp-1;
    648 
    649         EQUATIONS
    650         "Component Molar Balance"
    651         diff(M_liq)=Inlet.F*Inlet.z + InletLiquid.F*InletLiquid.z
    652         - OutletLiquid.F*OutletLiquid.z + interf.NL;
    653        
    654         diff(M_vap)=InletFV.F*InletFV.z + InletVapour.F*InletVapour.z
    655         - OutletVapour.F*OutletVapour.z - interf.NV;
    656        
    657         "Energy Balance"
    658         diff(E_liq) = Inlet.F*Inlet.h + InletLiquid.F*InletLiquid.h
    659                 - OutletLiquid.F*OutletLiquid.h  + Q + interf.E_liq;
    660        
    661         diff(E_vap) = InletFV.F*InletFV.h + InletVapour.F*InletVapour.h
    662                 - OutletVapour.F*OutletVapour.h  - interf.E_vap;
    663        
    664         "Molar Holdup"
    665         M_liq = ML*OutletLiquid.z;
    666        
    667         M_vap = MV*OutletVapour.z;
    668        
    669         "Energy Holdup"
    670         E_liq = ML*(OutletLiquid.h - OutletLiquid.P*vL);
    671        
    672         E_vap = MV*(OutletVapour.h - OutletVapour.P*vV);
    673        
    674         "Energy Rate through the interface"
    675         interf.E_liq = interf.htL*interf.a*(interf.T-OutletLiquid.T)+sum(interf.NL)*interf.hL; 
    676        
    677         interf.E_vap = interf.htV*interf.a*(OutletVapour.T-interf.T)+sum(interf.NV)*interf.hV;
    678        
    679         "Mass Conservation"
    680         interf.NL = interf.NV;
    681        
    682         "Energy Conservation"
    683         interf.E_liq = interf.E_vap;
    684        
    685         "Mol fraction normalisation"
    686         sum(OutletLiquid.z)= 1.0;
    687         sum(OutletLiquid.z)= sum(OutletVapour.z);
    688         sum(interf.x)=1.0;
    689         sum(interf.x)=sum(interf.y);
    690        
    691         "Liquid Volume"
    692         vL = PP.LiquidVolume(OutletLiquid.T, OutletLiquid.P, OutletLiquid.z);
    693         "Vapour Volume"
    694         vV = PP.VapourVolume(OutletVapour.T, OutletVapour.P, OutletVapour.z);
    695        
    696         "Chemical Equilibrium"
    697         PP.LiquidFugacityCoefficient(interf.T, interf.P, interf.x)*interf.x =
    698                 PP.VapourFugacityCoefficient(interf.T, interf.P, interf.y)*interf.y;
    699 
    700         "Geometry Constraint"
    701         V = ML*vL + MV*vV;
    702        
    703         "Level of clear liquid over the weir"
    704         Level = ML*vL/Ap;
    705 
    706         "Total Mass Transfer Rates"
    707         interf.NL(1:NC1)=interf.a*sumt(interf.kL*(interf.x(1:NC1)-OutletLiquid.z(1:NC1)))/vL+
    708                 OutletLiquid.z(1:NC1)*sum(interf.NL);
    709 
    710 #       interf.NL(1:NC1)=0.01*'kmol/s';
    711        
    712         interf.NV(1:NC1)=interf.a*sumt(interf.kV*(OutletVapour.z(1:NC1)-interf.y(1:NC1)))/vV+
    713                 OutletVapour.z(1:NC1)*sum(interf.NV);
    714 
    715         "Mechanical Equilibrium"
    716         OutletVapour.P = OutletLiquid.P;
    717         interf.P=OutletLiquid.P;
    718 end
    719 
    720 Model trayRateTeste as trayRateBasicTeste
    721         ATTRIBUTES
    722         Pallete         = false;
    723         Icon            = "icon/Tray";
    724         Brief           = "Complete rate model of a column tray.";
    725         Info            =
    726 "== Specify ==
    727 * the Feed stream
    728 * the Liquid inlet stream
    729 * the Vapour inlet stream
    730 * the Vapour outlet flow (OutletVapour.F)
    731        
    732 == Initial ==
    733 * the plate temperature of both phases (OutletLiquid.T and OutletVapour.T)
    734 * the liquid height (Level) OR the liquid flow holdup (ML)
    735 * the vapor holdup (MV)
    736 * (NoComps - 1) OutletLiquid compositions
    737 ";
    738 
    739         PARAMETERS
    740         Ah as area (Brief="Total holes area");
    741         lw as length (Brief="Weir length");
    742         g as acceleration (Default=9.81);
    743         hw as length (Brief="Weir height");
    744         beta as fraction (Brief="Aeration fraction");
    745         alfa as fraction (Brief="Dry pressure drop coefficient");
    746        
    747         VapourFlow as Switcher(Valid = ["on", "off"], Default = "on");
    748         LiquidFlow as Switcher(Valid = ["on", "off"], Default = "on");
    749        
    750         VARIABLES
    751         rhoL as dens_mass;
    752         rhoV as dens_mass;
    753 
    754         EQUATIONS
    755         "Liquid Density"
    756         rhoL = PP.LiquidDensity(OutletLiquid.T, OutletLiquid.P, OutletLiquid.z);
    757         "Vapour Density"
    758         rhoV = PP.VapourDensity(InletVapour.T, InletVapour.P, InletVapour.z);
    759 
    760         switch LiquidFlow
    761                 case "on":
    762                 "Francis Equation"
    763 #               OutletLiquid.F*vL = 1.84*'m^0.5/s'*lw*((Level-(beta*hw))/(beta))^1.5;
    764                 OutletLiquid.F*vL = 1.84*'1/s'*lw*((Level-(beta*hw))/(beta))^2;
    765                 when Level < (beta * hw) switchto "off";
    766                
    767                 case "off":
    768                 "Low level"
    769                 OutletLiquid.F = 0 * 'mol/h';
    770                 when Level > (beta * hw) + 1e-6*'m' switchto "on";
    771         end
    772 
    773         switch VapourFlow
    774                 case "on":
    775                 InletVapour.F*vV = sqrt((InletVapour.P - OutletVapour.P)/(rhoV*alfa))*Ah;
    776                 when InletVapour.F < 1e-6 * 'kmol/h' switchto "off";
    777                
    778                 case "off":
    779                 InletVapour.F = 0 * 'mol/s';
    780                 when InletVapour.P > OutletVapour.P + Level*g*rhoL + 1e-1 * 'atm' switchto "on";
    781         end     
    782 end
    783 
    784 *#
  • branches/new_gui/eml/streams/streams.mso

    r889 r890  
    2323
    2424Model stream
    25         ATTRIBUTES
     25
     26ATTRIBUTES
    2627        Pallete = false;
    2728        Brief = "General Material Stream";
     
    3132        from this model.";
    3233       
    33         PARAMETERS
     34PARAMETERS
    3435        outer NComp as Integer (Brief = "Number of chemical components", Lower = 1);
    3536
    36         VARIABLES
     37VARIABLES
    3738        F as flow_mol                   (Brief = "Stream Molar Flow Rate");
    3839        T as temperature                (Brief = "Stream Temperature");
     
    4445
    4546Model liquid_stream as stream
    46         ATTRIBUTES
     47
     48ATTRIBUTES
    4749        Pallete = false;
    4850        Brief = "Liquid Material Stream";
     
    5254        is known ''a priori''.";
    5355
    54         PARAMETERS
     56PARAMETERS
    5557        outer PP as Plugin(Brief = "External Physical Properties", Type="PP");
    5658       
    57         EQUATIONS
    58         "Liquid Enthalpy"
     59EQUATIONS
     60"Liquid Enthalpy"
    5961        h = PP.LiquidEnthalpy(T, P, z);
    60         "Liquid stream"
     62
     63"Liquid stream"
    6164        v = 0;
    6265end
    6366
    6467Model vapour_stream as stream
    65         ATTRIBUTES
     68
     69ATTRIBUTES
    6670        Pallete = false;
    6771        Brief = "Vapour Material Stream";
     
    7175        is known ''a priori''.";
    7276
    73         PARAMETERS
     77PARAMETERS
    7478        outer PP as Plugin(Brief = "External Physical Properties", Type="PP");
    7579       
    76         EQUATIONS
    77         "Vapour Enthalpy"
     80EQUATIONS
     81"Vapour Enthalpy"
    7882        h = PP.VapourEnthalpy(T, P, z);
    79         "Vapour stream"
     83
     84"Vapour stream"
    8085        v = 1;
    8186end
    8287
    83 Model streamPH as stream
    84         ATTRIBUTES
     88Model streamPH          as stream
     89
     90ATTRIBUTES
    8591        Brief = "Stream with built-in flash calculation";
    8692        Info = "
     
    97103        Pallete = false;
    98104       
    99         PARAMETERS
     105PARAMETERS
    100106        outer PP as Plugin(Brief = "External Physical Properties", Type="PP");
    101107       
    102         VARIABLES
     108VARIABLES
    103109        x(NComp) as fraction    (Brief = "Liquid Molar Fraction",Hidden=true);
    104110        y(NComp) as fraction    (Brief = "Vapour Molar Fraction",Hidden=true);
    105111
    106         EQUATIONS
    107         "Flash Calculation"
     112EQUATIONS
     113"Flash Calculation"
    108114        [v, x, y] = PP.FlashPH(P, h, z);
    109115       
    110         "Enthalpy"
     116"Enthalpy"
    111117        h = (1-v)*PP.LiquidEnthalpy(T, P, x) + v*PP.VapourEnthalpy(T, P, y);
    112118       
    113119end
    114120
    115 Model streamPHS as streamPH
    116         ATTRIBUTES
     121Model streamPHS         as streamPH
     122
     123ATTRIBUTES
    117124        Brief = "Stream with built-in flash calculation";
    118125        Info = "
  • branches/new_gui/eml/types.mso

    r889 r890  
    2626*----------------------------------------------------------------------------------*#
    2727
    28 # Constants
    29 coefficient as Real (Brief = "General Coefficient", Default=1, Lower=-50, Upper=50);
    30 constant as Real (Brief = "General Constant", Default=10, Lower=-5000, Upper=5000);
    31 positive as Real (Brief = "Positive General Constant", Default=1.0, Lower=-1e-6);
    32 negative as Real (Brief = "Negative General Constant", Default=-1.0, Upper=1e-6);
    33 fraction as Real (Brief = "Fraction" , Default=0.5, Lower=-1e-6, Upper=1.00001);
    34 percent as Real (Brief = "Percent", Default=50, final Lower=0, final Upper=100);
    35 control_signal as Real (Brief = "Control Signal", Default=1, Lower=-1e9, Upper=1e9);
    36 efficiency as Real (Brief = "Efficiency", Default=0.5, final Lower=0, final Upper=1);
     28#-------------------------Constants----------------------------------------------------
     29coefficient     as Real (Brief = "General Coefficient", Default=1, Lower=-50, Upper=50);
     30constant                as Real (Brief = "General Constant", Default=10, Lower=-5000, Upper=5000);
     31positive                as Real (Brief = "Positive General Constant", Default=1.0, Lower=-1e-6);
     32negative                as Real (Brief = "Negative General Constant", Default=-1.0, Upper=1e-6);
     33fraction                as Real (Brief = "Fraction" , Default=0.5, Lower=-1e-6, Upper=1.00001);
     34percent                 as Real (Brief = "Percent", Default=50, final Lower=0, final Upper=100);
     35control_signal  as Real (Brief = "Control Signal", Default=1, Lower=-1e9, Upper=1e9);
     36efficiency              as Real (Brief = "Efficiency", Default=0.5, final Lower=0, final Upper=1);
    3737
    38 # Pressure
    39 pressure as Real (Brief = "Pressure", Default=1, Lower=1e-30, Upper=5e7, final Unit = 'atm');
    40 press_delta as pressure (Brief = "Pressure Difference", Default=0.01, Lower=-5e6);
    41 head_mass as Real (Brief = "Head", Default=50, Lower=-1e6, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kJ/kg');
    42 head as Real (Brief = "Head", Default=50, Lower=-1e6, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol');
     38#-------------------------Pressure----------------------------------------------------
     39pressure                as Real         (Brief = "Pressure", Default=1, Lower=1e-30, Upper=5e7, final Unit = 'atm');
     40press_delta     as pressure (Brief = "Pressure Difference", Default=0.01, Lower=-5e6);
     41head_mass               as Real         (Brief = "Head", Default=50, Lower=-1e6, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kJ/kg');
     42head                    as Real         (Brief = "Head", Default=50, Lower=-1e6, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol');
    4343
    44 # Temperature
    45 temperature as Real (Brief = "Temperature", Default=300, Lower=27, Upper=5273, final Unit = 'K');
    46 temp_delta as temperature (Brief = "Temperature Difference", Default=30, Lower=-1000, Upper=1000);
     44#-------------------------Temperature----------------------------------------------------
     45temperature as Real             (Brief = "Temperature", Default=300, Lower=27, Upper=5273, final Unit = 'K');
     46temp_delta      as temperature  (Brief = "Temperature Difference", Default=30, Lower=-1000, Upper=1000);
    4747
    48 # Time
    49 time_h as positive (Brief = "Time in hours", Default=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'h');
    50 time_min as time_h (Brief = "Time in minutes", DisplayUnit ='min');
    51 time_sec as time_h (Brief = "Time in seconds", DisplayUnit = 's');
    52 frequency as positive(Brief = "Frequency", Default=1, Upper=100, final Unit='1/s');
     48#-------------------------Time----------------------------------------------------
     49time_h          as positive (Brief = "Time in hours", Default=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'h');
     50time_min        as time_h       (Brief = "Time in minutes", DisplayUnit ='min');
     51time_sec        as time_h       (Brief = "Time in seconds", DisplayUnit = 's');
     52frequency       as positive     (Brief = "Frequency", Default=1, Upper=100, final Unit='1/s');
    5353
    54 # Size related
    55 angle as Real (Brief = "Angle", Default=0, Lower=-7, Upper=7, final Unit ='rad');
    56 area as positive (Brief = "Area", Default=1, Upper=1E6, final Unit ='m^2');
    57 length as positive (Brief = "Length", Default=1, Upper=5e6, final Unit = 'm');
    58 length_delta as length (Brief = "Difference of Length", Lower=-1000);
    59 volume as positive (Brief = "Volume", Default=10, Upper=1000, final Unit = 'm^3');
    60 volume_mol as positive (Brief = "Molar Volume", Default=10, Upper=1E6, final Unit = 'm^3/mol');
    61 volume_mass as positive (Brief = "Specific Volume", Default=10, Upper=1E30, final Unit = 'm^3/kg');
     54#-------------------------Size related----------------------------------------------------
     55angle                   as Real                 (Brief = "Angle", Default=0, Lower=-7, Upper=7, final Unit ='rad');
     56area                    as positive     (Brief = "Area", Default=1, Upper=1E6, final Unit ='m^2');
     57length                  as positive     (Brief = "Length", Default=1, Upper=5e6, final Unit = 'm');
     58length_delta    as length               (Brief = "Difference of Length", Lower=-1000);
     59volume                  as positive     (Brief = "Volume", Default=10, Upper=1000, final Unit = 'm^3');
     60volume_mol              as positive     (Brief = "Molar Volume", Default=10, Upper=1E6, final Unit = 'm^3/mol');
     61volume_mass     as positive     (Brief = "Specific Volume", Default=10, Upper=1E30, final Unit = 'm^3/kg');
    6262
    63 # Eletric
     63#-------------------------Eletric----------------------------------------------------
    6464current     as positive (Brief = "Electrical Current", Default=10, Upper=1e12, final Unit ='A');
    65 charge      as Real (Brief = "Electrical Charge", Default=10, Lower=-1e12, Upper=1e12, final Unit ='C');
     65charge      as Real     (Brief = "Electrical Charge", Default=10, Lower=-1e12, Upper=1e12, final Unit ='C');
    6666capacitance as positive (Brief = "Electrical Capacitance", Default=10, Upper=1e12, final Unit ='F');
    6767indutance   as positive (Brief = "Electrical Indutance", Default=10, Upper=1e12, final Unit ='V*s/A');
    6868voltage     as positive (Brief = "Electrical Voltage", Default=100, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'V');
    6969resistance  as positive (Brief = "Eletrical Resistance", Default=50, Upper=800, final Unit = 'ohm');
    70 potency     as Real(Brief = "Potency", Default = 10, Lower=-1e3, Upper=1e3, final Unit = 'kW');
     70potency     as Real             (Brief = "Potency", Default = 10, Lower=-1e3, Upper=1e3, final Unit = 'kW');
    7171
    72 # Currency
     72#-------------------------Currency----------------------------------------------------
    7373currency        as Real (Brief = "Currency", Default = 0, final Unit = 'US$');
    7474
     
    7979*----------------------------------------------------------------------------------*#
    8080
    81 # elementary
    82 mass as positive (Brief = "Mass", Default=2.5, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kg');
    83 #mol as positive (Brief = "Moles", Default=2500, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'mol');
    84 mol as positive (Brief = "Moles", Default=2500, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'kmol');
    85 kmol as positive (Brief = "Moles", Default=2.5, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kmol');
    86 molweight as Real (Brief = "Molar Weight", Default=75, Lower=1, Upper=1e8, final Unit = 'kg/kmol');
    87 molweight_inv as Real (Brief = "Moles Per Mass", Default=1, Lower=0, Upper=1e30, final Unit = 'kmol/kg');
     81#-------------------------elementary----------------------------------------------------
     82mass                    as positive (Brief = "Mass", Default=2.5, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kg');
     83mol                     as positive (Brief = "Moles", Default=2500, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'mol');
     84kmol                    as positive (Brief = "Moles", Default=2.5, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kmol');
     85molweight               as Real         (Brief = "Molar Weight", Default=75, Lower=1, Upper=1e8, final Unit = 'kg/kmol');
     86molweight_inv   as Real         (Brief = "Moles Per Mass", Default=1, Lower=0, Upper=1e30, final Unit = 'kmol/kg');
    8887
    89 # densities
    90 dens_mol as Real (Brief = "Molar Density", Default=1, Lower=-1e-20, Upper=5e5, final Unit = 'kmol/m^3');
    91 dens_mass as Real (Brief = "Mass Density", Default=1000, Lower=-1e-20, Upper=5e8, final Unit ='kg/m^3');
     88#-------------------------densities----------------------------------------------------
     89dens_mol        as Real (Brief = "Molar Density", Default=1, Lower=-1e-20, Upper=5e5, final Unit = 'kmol/m^3');
     90dens_mass       as Real (Brief = "Mass Density", Default=1000, Lower=-1e-20, Upper=5e8, final Unit ='kg/m^3');
    9291
    93 # Concentration
    94 conc_mol as dens_mol (Brief = "Molar Concentration", Default=1e-3);
    95 inv_conc_mol as Real (Brief = "Inverse of Molar Concentration", Default=0.05, Lower=2e-4, Upper=1e30, final Unit = 'm^3/kmol');
    96 conc_mass as dens_mass (Brief = "Mass Concentration");
    97 inv_conc_mass as Real (Brief = "Inverse of Mass Concentration", Default=0.001, Lower=2e-6, Upper=1e30, final Unit = 'm^3/kg');
     92#-------------------------Concentration----------------------------------------------------
     93conc_mol                as dens_mol     (Brief = "Molar Concentration", Default=1e-3);
     94inv_conc_mol    as Real                 (Brief = "Inverse of Molar Concentration", Default=0.05, Lower=2e-4, Upper=1e30, final Unit = 'm^3/kmol');
     95conc_mass               as dens_mass    (Brief = "Mass Concentration");
     96inv_conc_mass   as Real                 (Brief = "Inverse of Mass Concentration", Default=0.001, Lower=2e-6, Upper=1e30, final Unit = 'm^3/kg');
    9897
    99 # reaction
    100 reaction_mol as Real (Brief = "Molar Reaction Rate", Default=0, Lower=-1e6, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kmol/h/m^3');
    101 reaction_mass as Real (Brief = "Mass Reaction Rate", Default=0,Lower=-1e3, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'kg/h/m^3');
     98#-------------------------reaction----------------------------------------------------
     99reaction_mol    as Real (Brief = "Molar Reaction Rate", Default=0, Lower=-1e6, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kmol/h/m^3');
     100reaction_mass   as Real (Brief = "Mass Reaction Rate", Default=0,Lower=-1e3, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'kg/h/m^3');
    102101
    103102
     
    108107*----------------------------------------------------------------------------------*#
    109108
    110 # Heat Capacity
     109#-------------------------Heat Capacity----------------------------------------------------
    111110cp_mass as Real (Brief = "Mass Heat Capacity", Default=1.0, Lower=0.1, Upper=1e3, final Unit = 'kJ/kg/K'); 
    112 cp_mol as Real (Brief = "Molar Heat Capacity", Default=100, Lower=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol/K');
    113 cv_mol as Real (Brief = "Molar Heat Capacity", Default=100, Lower=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit ='kJ/kmol/K');   
     111cp_mol  as Real (Brief = "Molar Heat Capacity", Default=100, Lower=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol/K');
     112cv_mol  as Real (Brief = "Molar Heat Capacity", Default=100, Lower=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit ='kJ/kmol/K');   
    114113
    115 # Enthalpy
    116 enth_mass as Real (Brief = "Mass Enthalpy", Default=500, Lower=-10000, Upper=10000, final Unit = 'kJ/kg');
    117 enth_mol as Real (Brief = "Molar Enthalpy", Default=500, Lower=-1e9, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol');
     114#-------------------------Enthalpy----------------------------------------------------
     115enth_mass       as Real (Brief = "Mass Enthalpy", Default=500, Lower=-10000, Upper=10000, final Unit = 'kJ/kg');
     116enth_mol        as Real (Brief = "Molar Enthalpy", Default=500, Lower=-1e9, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol');
    118117
    119 # Entropy
    120 entr_mol as Real (Brief = "Molar Entropy", Default=0, Lower=-1e4, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol/K');
    121 entr_mass as Real (Brief = "Mass Entropy", Default=0, Lower=-1e4, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'kJ/kg/K');
     118#-------------------------Entropy----------------------------------------------------
     119entr_mol        as Real (Brief = "Molar Entropy", Default=0, Lower=-1e4, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol/K');
     120entr_mass       as Real (Brief = "Mass Entropy", Default=0, Lower=-1e4, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'kJ/kg/K');
    122121
    123 # Heat
    124 heat_reaction as Real (Brief = "Heat Of Reaction", Default=1000, Lower=-1e8, Upper=1e8, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol');
    125 heat_rate as Real (Brief = "Heat Rate", Default=1000, Lower=-1e9, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'kW');
    126 heat_flux as Real (Brief = "Heat Flux", Default=1, Lower=-1e5, Upper=1e5, final Unit = 'kW/m^2');
    127 heat_trans_coeff as positive (Brief = "Heat Transference Coefficient", Default=1, Upper=1e3, final Unit = 'kW/m^2/K');
     122#-------------------------Heat----------------------------------------------------
     123heat_reaction           as Real         (Brief = "Heat Of Reaction", Default=1000, Lower=-1e8, Upper=1e8, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol');
     124heat_rate                       as Real         (Brief = "Heat Rate", Default=1000, Lower=-1e9, Upper=1e9, final Unit = 'kW');
     125heat_flux                       as Real         (Brief = "Heat Flux", Default=1, Lower=-1e5, Upper=1e5, final Unit = 'kW/m^2');
     126heat_trans_coeff        as positive (Brief = "Heat Transference Coefficient", Default=1, Upper=1e3, final Unit = 'kW/m^2/K');
    128127
    129 # Energy
    130 energy as Real (Brief = "Energy", Default=10000, Lower=-1e11, Upper=1e11, final Unit = 'kJ');
     128#-------------------------Energy----------------------------------------------------
     129energy          as Real (Brief = "Energy", Default=10000, Lower=-1e11, Upper=1e11, final Unit = 'kJ');
    131130energy_mass as Real (Brief = "Energy per mass", Default=10000, Lower=-1e15, Upper=1e15, final Unit = 'kJ/kg');
    132 energy_mol as Real (Brief = "Energy per mol", Default=10000, Lower=-1e15, Upper=1e15, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol');
    133 power as Real (Brief = "Power", Default=10, Lower=-1e8, Upper=1e8, final Unit = 'kW');
    134 
    135 
     131energy_mol      as Real (Brief = "Energy per mol", Default=10000, Lower=-1e15, Upper=1e15, final Unit = 'kJ/kmol');
     132power           as Real (Brief = "Power", Default=10, Lower=-1e8, Upper=1e8, final Unit = 'kW');
    136133
    137134#*----------------------------------------------------------------------------------*
     
    141138*----------------------------------------------------------------------------------*#
    142139
    143 # Flow
    144 flow_mass as positive (Brief = "Mass Flow", Default=1000, Upper=1e10, final Unit = 'kg/h');
    145 flow_mass_delta as flow_mass (Brief = "Difference of Flow Mass", Lower=-1e10);
    146 flow_vol as positive (Brief = "Volumetric Flow", Default=1, Upper=1e12, final Unit = 'm^3/h');
    147 flow_vol_delta as flow_vol (Brief = "Difference of Volumetric Flow", Lower=-1e12);
    148 flow_mol as positive (Brief = "Mole Flow", Default=10, Upper=1e8, final Unit = 'kmol/h');
    149 flow_mol_delta as flow_mol (Brief = "Difference of Mole Flow", Lower=-1e8);
     140#-------------------------Flow----------------------------------------------------
     141flow_mass               as positive     (Brief = "Mass Flow", Default=1000, Upper=1e10, final Unit = 'kg/h');
     142flow_mass_delta as flow_mass    (Brief = "Difference of Flow Mass", Lower=-1e10);
     143flow_vol                as positive     (Brief = "Volumetric Flow", Default=1, Upper=1e12, final Unit = 'm^3/h');
     144flow_vol_delta  as flow_vol     (Brief = "Difference of Volumetric Flow", Lower=-1e12);
     145flow_mol                as positive     (Brief = "Mole Flow", Default=10, Upper=1e8, final Unit = 'kmol/h');
     146flow_mol_delta  as flow_mol     (Brief = "Difference of Mole Flow", Lower=-1e8);
    150147
    151 # Flux
    152 flux_mol as positive (Brief = "Molar Flux", Default=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'kmol/s/m^2');   
    153 flux_mol_delta as flux_mol (Brief = "Difference of Molar Flux", Lower=-1e4);   
    154 flux_mass as positive (Brief = "Mass Flux", Default=1, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kg/s/m^2');
    155 flux_mass_delta as flux_mass (Brief = "Difference of Mass Flux", Lower=-1e6);
    156 flux_vol as positive (Brief = "Volumetric Flux", Default=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'm^3/s/m^2');
    157 flux_vol_delta as flux_vol (Brief = "Difference of Volumetric Flux", Lower=-1e4);
     148#-------------------------Flux----------------------------------------------------
     149flux_mol                as positive     (Brief = "Molar Flux", Default=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'kmol/s/m^2');   
     150flux_mol_delta  as flux_mol     (Brief = "Difference of Molar Flux", Lower=-1e4);   
     151flux_mass               as positive     (Brief = "Mass Flux", Default=1, Upper=1e6, final Unit = 'kg/s/m^2');
     152flux_mass_delta as flux_mass    (Brief = "Difference of Mass Flux", Lower=-1e6);
     153flux_vol                as positive     (Brief = "Volumetric Flux", Default=1, Upper=1e4, final Unit = 'm^3/s/m^2');
     154flux_vol_delta  as flux_vol     (Brief = "Difference of Volumetric Flux", Lower=-1e4);
    158155
    159 # Velocity
    160 vel_angular as Real (Brief = "Angular Velocity RPM", Default=1000, Lower=-100000, Upper=100000, final Unit = 'rpm');
    161 rotation as Real (Brief = "Angular Velocity", Default=500, Lower=-10000, Upper=10000, final Unit = 'rad/s');
    162 velocity as Real (Brief = "Velocity", Default=1, Lower=-1E5, Upper=1e5, final Unit = 'm/s');
    163 velocity_delta as velocity (Brief = "Difference of Velocity", Default=0, Lower=-1E3, Upper=-1E3);
    164 acceleration as Real (Brief = "General Acceleration", Default=9.81, Lower=-1e3, Upper=1e3, final Unit = 'm/s^2');
     156#-------------------------Velocity----------------------------------------------------
     157vel_angular     as Real         (Brief = "Angular Velocity RPM", Default=1000, Lower=-100000, Upper=100000, final Unit = 'rpm');
     158rotation                as Real         (Brief = "Angular Velocity", Default=500, Lower=-10000, Upper=10000, final Unit = 'rad/s');
     159velocity                as Real         (Brief = "Velocity", Default=1, Lower=-1E5, Upper=1e5, final Unit = 'm/s');
     160velocity_delta  as velocity (Brief = "Difference of Velocity", Default=0, Lower=-1E3, Upper=-1E3);
     161acceleration    as Real         (Brief = "General Acceleration", Default=9.81, Lower=-1e3, Upper=1e3, final Unit = 'm/s^2');
    165162
    166 # Others
    167 fricfactor as Real (Brief = "Friction Factor", Default=0.05, Lower=1e-5, Upper=2000);
    168 moment_inertia as Real (Brief = "Moment Of Inertia", Default=100, Lower=1E-3, Upper=1E4, final Unit = 'kg*m^2');
    169 hookes_const as Real (Brief = "Hookes Constant", Default=1e5, Lower=1, Upper=1e10, final Unit = 'N/m');
     163#-------------------------Others----------------------------------------------------
     164fricfactor              as Real (Brief = "Friction Factor", Default=0.05, Lower=1e-5, Upper=2000);
     165moment_inertia  as Real (Brief = "Moment Of Inertia", Default=100, Lower=1E-3, Upper=1E4, final Unit = 'kg*m^2');
     166hookes_const    as Real (Brief = "Hookes Constant", Default=1e5, Lower=1, Upper=1e10, final Unit = 'N/m');
    170167
    171168
     
    177174*----------------------------------------------------------------------------------*#
    178175
    179 # Conductivity
     176#-------------------------Conductivity----------------------------------------------------
    180177conductivity as Real (Brief = "Thermal Conductivity", Default=1.0, Lower=0.001, Upper=500, final Unit = 'W/m/K');
    181178
    182 # Difusivity
     179#-------------------------Difusivity----------------------------------------------------
    183180diffusivity as positive (Brief = "Diffusivity", Default=1e-3, Upper=1, final Unit ='cm^2/s'); 
    184181
    185 # Fugacity
     182#-------------------------Fugacity----------------------------------------------------
    186183fugacity as positive (Brief = "Fugacity Coefficient", Default=0.5, Upper=10);
    187184
    188 # Viscosity
     185#-------------------------Viscosity----------------------------------------------------
    189186viscosity as Real (Brief = "Viscosity", Default=1, Lower=1e-30, Upper=1e5, final Unit = 'cP');
    190187
    191 # Molar and Specific Volume
    192 vol_mol as volume_mol (Brief = "Molar Volume");
    193 vol_mass as volume_mass (Brief = "Specific Volume");
     188#-------------------------Molar and Specific Volume----------------------------------------------------
     189vol_mol         as volume_mol   (Brief = "Molar Volume");
     190vol_mass        as volume_mass  (Brief = "Specific Volume");
    194191
    195 # Others
    196 spec_surface_vol as positive (Brief = "Specific Surface Volume", Default=1e5, Upper=1e15, final Unit = 'm^2/m^3');
    197 spec_surface_mass as positive (Brief = "Specific Surface Mass", Default=100, Upper=1e12, final Unit = 'm^2/kg');
    198 surf_tens as positive (Brief = "Surface Tension", Default=0.05, Upper=1, final Unit = 'N/m');
    199 act_coeff as positive (Brief = "Activity Coefficient for Liquid", Default=1, Upper=30);
    200 ph as Real (Brief = "pH", Default=7, Lower=-5, Upper=20);
     192#-------------------------Others----------------------------------------------------
     193spec_surface_vol                as positive (Brief = "Specific Surface Volume", Default=1e5, Upper=1e15, final Unit = 'm^2/m^3');
     194spec_surface_mass               as positive (Brief = "Specific Surface Mass", Default=100, Upper=1e12, final Unit = 'm^2/kg');
     195surf_tens                               as positive (Brief = "Surface Tension", Default=0.05, Upper=1, final Unit = 'N/m');
     196act_coeff                               as positive (Brief = "Activity Coefficient for Liquid", Default=1, Upper=30);
     197ph                                              as Real         (Brief = "pH", Default=7, Lower=-5, Upper=20);
    201198
    202199
    203 
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