1 | #*------------------------------------------------------------------- |
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2 | * EMSO Model Library (EML) Copyright (C) 2004 - 2007 ALSOC. |
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3 | * |
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4 | * This LIBRARY is free software; you can distribute it and/or modify |
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5 | * it under the therms of the ALSOC FREE LICENSE as available at |
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6 | * http://www.enq.ufrgs.br/alsoc. |
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7 | * |
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8 | * EMSO Copyright (C) 2004 - 2007 ALSOC, original code |
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9 | * from http://www.rps.eng.br Copyright (C) 2002-2004. |
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10 | * All rights reserved. |
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11 | * |
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12 | * EMSO is distributed under the therms of the ALSOC LICENSE as |
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13 | * available at http://www.enq.ufrgs.br/alsoc. |
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14 | * |
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15 | *---------------------------------------------------------------------- |
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16 | * Authors: Rafael de Pelegrini Soares |
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17 | * Andrey Copat, Estefane S. Horn, Marcos L. Alencastro |
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18 | * $Id: turbine.mso 605 2008-08-22 04:16:35Z bicca $ |
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19 | *--------------------------------------------------------------------*# |
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20 | |
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21 | using "streams"; |
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22 | |
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23 | #Needs to be reformulated |
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24 | |
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25 | Model HidraulicTurbine |
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26 | ATTRIBUTES |
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27 | Pallete = true; |
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28 | Icon = "icon/HidraulicTurbine"; |
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29 | Brief = "Testing Model of a Hidraulic Turbine."; |
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30 | |
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31 | PARAMETERS |
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32 | outer NComp as Integer (Brief = "Number of chemical components", Lower = 1); |
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33 | outer PP as Plugin (Brief = "External Physical Properties", Type="PP"); |
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34 | Mw(NComp) as molweight (Brief = "Molar Weight"); |
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35 | |
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36 | VARIABLES |
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37 | Eff as efficiency (Brief = "Turbine efficiency"); |
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38 | Meff as efficiency (Brief = "Brake efficiency"); |
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39 | Beta as positive (Brief = "Volumetric expansivity", Unit = '1/K'); |
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40 | Head as head (Brief = "Head Developed"); |
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41 | FPower as power (Brief = "Fluid Power"); |
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42 | BPower as power (Brief = "Brake Power"); |
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43 | Pratio as positive (Brief = "Pressure Ratio"); |
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44 | Pdrop as press_delta (Brief = "Pressure Drop", DisplayUnit = 'kPa', Symbol ="\Delta P"); |
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45 | Mwm as molweight (Brief = "Mixture Molar Weight"); |
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46 | rho as dens_mass (Brief = "Specific Mass"); |
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47 | Cp as cp_mol (Brief = "Heat Capacity"); |
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48 | in Inlet as stream (Brief = "Inlet stream", PosX=0.05, PosY=0.0, Symbol="_{in}"); |
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49 | out Outlet as stream (Brief = "Outlet stream", PosX=0.65, PosY=1, Symbol="_{out}"); |
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50 | out WorkOut as power (Brief = "Work Outlet", PosX=1, PosY=0.46); |
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51 | |
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52 | SET |
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53 | Mw = PP.MolecularWeight(); |
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54 | |
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55 | EQUATIONS |
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56 | #Mixtures Properties |
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57 | "Calculate Mwm for Inlet Mixture" |
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58 | Mwm = sum(Mw*Inlet.z); |
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59 | |
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60 | "Calculate rho using a External Physical Properties Routine" |
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61 | rho = PP.LiquidDensity(Inlet.T,Inlet.P,Inlet.z); |
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62 | |
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63 | "Calculate Outlet Vapour Fraction" |
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64 | Outlet.v = PP.VapourFraction(Outlet.T, Outlet.P, Outlet.z); |
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65 | |
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66 | "Calculate Cp Using a External Physical Properties Routine" |
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67 | Cp = PP.LiquidCp(Inlet.T,Inlet.P,Inlet.z); |
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68 | |
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69 | "Pressure Ratio" |
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70 | Outlet.P = Inlet.P * Pratio; |
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71 | |
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72 | "Pressure Drop" |
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73 | Outlet.P = Inlet.P - Pdrop; |
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74 | |
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75 | "Calculate Fluid Power" |
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76 | FPower * rho = -Pdrop * Inlet.F * Mwm; |
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77 | |
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78 | "Calculate Brake Power" |
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79 | BPower = FPower * Eff; |
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80 | |
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81 | BPower = WorkOut; |
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82 | |
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83 | "Calculate Outlet Temperature" |
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84 | (Outlet.T - Inlet.T) * rho * Cp = (Outlet.h - Inlet.h) * rho |
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85 | + Pdrop * Mwm * (1-Beta*Inlet.T); |
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86 | |
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87 | "Calculate Outlet Enthalpy" |
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88 | (Outlet.h - Inlet.h) * rho = -Pdrop * Mwm; |
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89 | |
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90 | "Molar Balance" |
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91 | Outlet.F = Inlet.F; |
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92 | |
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93 | "Calculate Outlet Composition" |
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94 | Outlet.z = Inlet.z; |
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95 | |
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96 | "Calculate Head" |
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97 | Head = Outlet.h - Inlet.h; |
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98 | end |
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99 | |
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100 | Model HidraulicTurbineGenerator as HidraulicTurbine |
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101 | ATTRIBUTES |
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102 | Pallete = true; |
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103 | Icon = "icon/HidraulicTurbine"; |
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104 | Brief = "Model of a Hidraulic Turbine."; |
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105 | Info = |
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106 | "== Assumptions == |
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107 | * Steady State; |
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108 | * Only Liquid; |
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109 | * Adiabatic; |
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110 | * Isentropic. |
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111 | |
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112 | == Specify == |
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113 | * the inlet stream; |
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114 | * the Pressure Increase (Pdiff) OR the outlet pressure (Outlet.P); |
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115 | * the Turbine efficiency (Eff); |
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116 | * the Brake efficiency (Meff); |
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117 | * the Volumetric expansivity (Beta). |
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118 | "; |
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119 | |
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120 | VARIABLES |
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121 | EPower as power (Brief = "Eletrical Potency"); |
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122 | |
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123 | EQUATIONS |
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124 | "Calculate Eletric Power" |
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125 | EPower = BPower * Meff; |
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126 | end |
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127 | |
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128 | Model expander |
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129 | |
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130 | ATTRIBUTES |
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131 | Pallete = true; |
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132 | Icon = "icon/HidraulicTurbine"; |
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133 | Brief = "Model of an expansor."; |
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134 | Info = |
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135 | "To be documented"; |
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136 | |
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137 | PARAMETERS |
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138 | |
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139 | outer PP as Plugin (Brief = "External Physical Properties", Type="PP"); |
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140 | outer NComp as Integer (Brief = "Number of chemical components", Lower = 1); |
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141 | Rgas as positive (Brief = "Constant of Gases", Unit= 'kJ/kmol/K', Default = 8.31451,Hidden=true); |
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142 | Mw(NComp) as molweight (Brief = "Molar Weight"); |
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143 | |
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144 | VARIABLES |
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145 | |
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146 | IseCoeff as positive (Brief = "Isentropic Coefficient", Lower=0.2); |
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147 | Pratio as positive (Brief = "Pressure Ratio", Symbol ="P_{ratio}"); |
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148 | Pdrop as press_delta (Brief = "Pressure Drop", DisplayUnit = 'kPa', Symbol ="\Delta P"); |
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149 | Pdecrease as press_delta (Brief = "Pressure Decrease", DisplayUnit = 'kPa', Symbol ="P_{decr}"); |
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150 | |
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151 | Head as energy_mass (Brief = "Head"); |
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152 | HeadIsentropic as energy_mass (Brief = "Isentropic Head"); |
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153 | Tisentropic as temperature (Brief = "Isentropic Temperature"); |
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154 | |
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155 | IsentropicEff as efficiency (Brief = "Isentropic efficiency"); |
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156 | MechanicalEff as efficiency (Brief = "Mechanical efficiency"); |
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157 | |
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158 | FluidPower as power (Brief = "Fluid Power"); |
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159 | BrakePower as power (Brief = "Brake Power"); |
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160 | PowerLoss as power (Brief = "Power Losses",Lower=0); |
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161 | Mwm as molweight (Brief = "Mixture Molar Weight"); |
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162 | rho as dens_mass (Brief = "Mass Density"); |
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163 | Zfac_in as fraction (Brief = "Compressibility factor at inlet"); |
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164 | Zfac_out as fraction (Brief = "Compressibility factor at outlet"); |
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165 | |
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166 | in Inlet as stream (Brief = "Inlet stream", PosX=0.05, PosY=0.0, Symbol="_{in}"); |
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167 | out Outlet as streamPH (Brief = "Outlet stream", PosX=0.65, PosY=1, Symbol="_{out}"); |
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168 | |
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169 | out WorkOut as power (Brief = "Work Outlet", PosX=1, PosY=0.46); |
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170 | |
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171 | SET |
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172 | |
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173 | Mw = PP.MolecularWeight(); |
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174 | |
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175 | Rgas = 8.31451*'kJ/kmol/K'; |
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176 | |
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177 | EQUATIONS |
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178 | |
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179 | "Overall Molar Balance" |
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180 | Outlet.F = Inlet.F; |
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181 | |
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182 | "Component Molar Balance" |
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183 | Outlet.z = Inlet.z; |
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184 | |
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185 | "Average Molecular Weight" |
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186 | Mwm = sum(Mw*Inlet.z); |
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187 | |
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188 | "Pressure Ratio" |
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189 | Outlet.P = Inlet.P * Pratio; |
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190 | |
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191 | "Pressure Drop" |
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192 | Outlet.P = Inlet.P - Pdrop; |
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193 | |
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194 | "Pressure Decrease" |
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195 | Outlet.P = Inlet.P - Pdecrease; |
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196 | |
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197 | "Mass Density" |
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198 | rho = PP.VapourDensity(Inlet.T, Inlet.P, Inlet.z); |
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199 | |
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200 | "Compressibility factor at Inlet Conditions" |
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201 | Zfac_in = PP.VapourCompressibilityFactor(Inlet.T,Inlet.P,Inlet.z); |
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202 | |
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203 | "Compressibility factor at Outlet Conditions" |
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204 | Zfac_out = PP.VapourCompressibilityFactor(Outlet.T,Outlet.P,Outlet.z); |
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205 | |
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206 | "Isentropic Head" |
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207 | HeadIsentropic*Mwm = (PP.VapourEnthalpy(Tisentropic,Outlet.P,Outlet.z)-Inlet.h); |
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208 | |
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209 | "Actual Head" |
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210 | Head*Mwm = (Outlet.h-Inlet.h); |
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211 | |
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212 | "Isentropic Coefficient" |
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213 | HeadIsentropic = (0.5*Zfac_in+0.5*Zfac_out)*(1/Mwm)*(IseCoeff/(IseCoeff-1.001))*Rgas*Inlet.T*((Outlet.P/Inlet.P)^((IseCoeff-1.001)/IseCoeff) - 1); |
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214 | |
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215 | "Isentropic Outlet Temperature" |
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216 | PP.VapourEntropy(Tisentropic, Outlet.P, Outlet.z) = PP.VapourEntropy(Inlet.T, Inlet.P, Inlet.z); |
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217 | |
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218 | |
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219 | if IsentropicEff equal 1 |
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220 | |
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221 | then |
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222 | "Discharge Temperature" |
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223 | Outlet.T = Tisentropic; |
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224 | |
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225 | else |
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226 | |
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227 | "Discharge Temperature" |
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228 | (PP.VapourEnthalpy(Outlet.T,Outlet.P,Outlet.z)-Inlet.h)= (PP.VapourEnthalpy(Tisentropic,Outlet.P,Outlet.z)-Inlet.h)*IsentropicEff; |
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229 | |
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230 | end |
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231 | |
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232 | "Fluid Power" |
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233 | FluidPower = Head*sum(Mw*Inlet.z)*Inlet.F; |
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234 | |
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235 | "Brake Power" |
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236 | BrakePower = WorkOut; |
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237 | |
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238 | "Brake Power" |
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239 | BrakePower = FluidPower*MechanicalEff; |
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240 | |
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241 | "Power Loss" |
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242 | PowerLoss = BrakePower - FluidPower; |
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243 | |
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244 | end |
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